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What Is Sundowners Syndrome?

Sundowners SyndromeSome individuals with certain types of dementia can become more confused at certain times of the day. The most common form of this is sundowners syndrome where people become increasingly confused late in the day. This symptom usually occurs during the early stages of dementia. It can sometimes be described as a sleep problem or a mood disorder. Although it is called sundowners syndrome the change in mood can become noticeable in the afternoon. There are a number of theories about why this syndrome occurs, but there is no definitive explanation.

Living with Sundowners Syndrome

Sundowners syndrome can be distressing for the individual who experiences it and to those around them. As the day goes on the person will become increasingly confused and agitated. It can be almost impossible to reason with them and they may even become aggressive. If there is a lot of stimulation in the environment it can exacerbate the symptoms a lot; this is why evening times can be particularly hard for those working in nursing homes. The care givers looking after people with this syndrome need to become skilled at defusing any agitation and ensuring that the individual, and those around them, remain safe.

The Causes of Sundowners Syndrome

As we have already mentioned, there is some debate as to the exact cause of these symptoms. There are some who claim that it is due to a malfunctioning internal body clock; the individual gets confused by the visual clues in their environment telling them that it is one time while their body is telling them something else. Another theory sees the condition as due to the cognitive functions becoming overwhelmed as the day reaches its end. The stress of thinking all day finally catches up with them and this leads to increased confusion. There is also the possibility that it may be due to drug interactions.

The Treatment of Sundowners Syndrome

The treatment for sundowners syndrome will always depend on its cause. If it is occurring due to a side effect of medications then these may need to be altered. If the person is depressed then this could be causing the symptoms and so treating the depression will ease the confusion. There are also options for using drugs that can increase cognitive function so that the individual is better able to deal with their thoughts. It is also possible to play around with the individual’s environment so as to lower the amount of mental stimulation. Encouraging naps throughout the day can also be a great help because that way the person will not suffer the constant build up of mental stress as they get tired.

Sundowner’s syndrome is a distressing symptom that can make life difficult for the sufferer and those taking care of them. Luckily there are usually treatments available to deal with the problem. Sometimes the exact cause will be hard to fathom and it can take a bit of experimentation to decide on the best way to get a handle on things.

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Does Medicaid Cover Dental?

medicaidMedicaid is a scheme that tries to ensure that people who need health care and can’t afford it will still have access. There has always been a lot of debate in regards to whether or not dental treatments should be covered by the scheme. In this article we will look at this issue in some depth and provide an answer to the question of whether or not Medicaid covers dental treatment.

What is Medicaid?

It is important to first describe exactly what Medicaid is before we go on to answer what it does and doesn’t cover. This program was established back in 1965 by the US Federal Government with the purpose of helping those who fall below the poverty line and just can’t afford health insurance. The scheme had its supporters and detractors from the start and this continues up until today. It is this debate over Medicaid that largely determines what is and what isn’t covered by the scheme.

Generally speaking Medicaid should cover all emergency treatments, needed medications, doctor and hospital visits, as well as prenatal care. The people who are entitled to benefit from this scheme will be determined by each individual state, but generally speaking anyone who falls below the poverty line will be entitled to it no matter where they live in the US. In some states it can be easier to qualify for Medicaid then in others.

Medicaid and Dental Care

Medicaid does cover dental care but only in some situations. The treatments and rules as for who is covered can vary between different states. There has been a push to provide complete dental coverage for those who most need it but there has been a lot of resistance to this. In a lot of states the rule is that those who are under 21 years of age, and qualify for Medicaid, will be given full dental coverage under the program. Those who are over 21 will only be entitled to coverage for emergency treatments. In some states such as California, Washington, and New York the coverage available is far more extensive for those who are over 21.

In order for you to determine your exact rights in regards to Medicaid for dental treatment you will need to check the rules for your state. The best person to speak to about this will be a social worker as they can offer you advice that is both expert and up to date. If you are entitled to this type of coverage then it makes sense that you avail of it.

The Need for Dental Care as Part of Medicaid

There are few who would doubt the necessity for good dental care. This is not just about cosmetics because having teeth that are cared for is part of overall general health. Teeth that are not taken care of properly can cause problems elsewhere in the body. Dental problems can also lead to situations that are very distressing and painful and it is important to get prompt attention in such a situation.