Clots forming in the blood stream can be dangerous. They may block blood vessels and this can lead to a heart attack, or a cardiovascular accident (stroke). These clots appear in the blood stream due to too many platelets. Some people are more susceptible to blood clot formation and this is why they may require blood thinner medication.
Why Too Many Platelets Lead to Blood Clots
Platelets are needed for our survival. In fact if they fall too low we could bleed to death from even a small cut. The ability of platelets to form clots allows the body to repair broken tissue, but this ability is also potentially harmful if platelets build up and cause clots inside the body that can block blood vessels. It is vital that humans are able to have platelets at the right levels within the body because having them too high or too low can be dangerous.
What is Blood Thinner Medication?
This type of medication is also referred to as an anti-coagulant. There are many different examples of this type of drug but the most famous of all is Aspirin. It works by reducing the number of platelets in the blood stream and thus making it less likely for clots to occur. For a lot of people with coagulation problems the only medication they will ever require is half a tablet of Aspirin.
Aspirin is not going to be the most suitable anti-coagulant for everyone. In some cases it won’t be strong enough to do the work that is required. There can also be unwanted side effects with using this medication, and there are particular concerns when it is given regularly to children. Aspirin can cause Reye’s syndrome; a potentially fatal condition where different organs within the body are damaged.
There are many possible alternatives to Aspirin and probably the most famous of these is a drug called Wafarin. With this medication it is possible to constantly monitor the blood levels and adjust the Wafarin dosage in response to this. It is usual for the patient to be put on a regular dosage once the right combination is found. Those who take Wafarin are required to carry around a card that states that they are on this medication. If surgery or dental treatment is ever required it must be known that the individual is on this type of blood thinner. As well as Wafarin there are also a number of other new drugs available such as Plavix.
Safe Use of Blood Thinner Medication
It is important that anyone who uses blood thinner medication follows any instructions provided by their doctor. This drug could potentially cause problems if it is not used correctly. You should never make any changes to your anti coagulant therapy before first consulting your doctor. It is also not a good idea to start taking daily Aspirin unless you have been advised to do so by your health care professional. If you take this medication as prescribed though, it can greatly reduce your risk of clot related emergencies.