Why is Smoking Bad?

by Anthony Carter on March 11, 2011

obama smokingMost people today can easily accept that smoking is bad but some may be a bit less sure about why it is bad. The connection between smoking and cancer gets a lot of attention but there are also lots of other ways that this habit is harmful. Recognition of the dangers of smoking has meant that there are fewer people indulging in this activity in most countries of the world. There is no doubt that millions of people have died as a result of smoking but hopefully as more people understand the dangers of this habit even fewer people will take it up.

So Why is Smoking Bad?

Smoking tobacco can cause damage to every system in the body. This is understandable when we consider what is inside a cigarette; about 4,000 different chemicals and some of these are considered poisonous. The most talked about drug in a cigarette is nicotine because it is this that people become addicted to. In a cigarette there are also chemicals such as butane, acetone, and formaldehyde. It is not surprising that these toxins harm the body; what is more surprising is how humans can manage to tolerate them at all.

The link between smoking and cancer is well known. It is most linked with lung cancer but it can also lead to a number of other cancers in different parts of the body including; the throat, kidney, pancreas, esophagus, and bladder. Smoking is also viewed as increasing the risk of getting many other forms of cancers.

Smoking leads to all sorts of respiratory problems; chronic conditions that make life extremely difficult. A lot of smokers die gasping from breath because they have developed such smoking related problems as emphysema, chronic bronchitis, or chronic obstructive airways disease.

Smoking is very bad for the heart and blood circulation around the body. It increases the risk of stroke and cardiac problems. It directly causes coronary artery disease which narrows the blood vessels in the body and so makes it a lot harder for oxygen to get to the heart. Smoking can also interfere with blood clotting thus increasing the risk of stroke and other problems.

In recent years most societies around the world have become far less tolerant of smoking. This is because it is now well known that the smoker is not only endangering their own life but also the life of anyone around them – passive smoking can also cause health problems and lead to an early death.

The Last Word on Smoking

There are many reasons why smoking is so bad. The really surprising thing is that so many people continue to do it. The good news is that more and more people are quitting and those who do will be able to undo a lot of the damage that has been done to their body. There are few excuses that really justify smoking but there are plenty of good reasons to quit this habit. Tobacco not only will likely reduce our time on the planet but also make what little time we have less enjoyable.

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How to Faint in Public?

by Anthony Carter on March 8, 2011

faintFainting in public is always a great way to get noticed. This temporary loss of consciousness occurs due to a decreased flow of blood to the brain. What usually happens during a faint is that not only do we briefly lose consciousness but also muscle tone as well. This is why people will fall down in public and instantly become the star of the show. Some people will mistake fainting with falling into unconsciousness due to some type of head trauma; the two are quite different even though they may look the same. With fainting there is no trauma to the brain but just a lack of oxygen. If you want to impress people then why not use the fancy name for fainting – it is called syncope.

The Causes of Fainting

There are many possible causes of fainting; anything that interferes with the ability of blood to reach the brain will lead to this event. If for some crazy reason you actually wanted to faint there are many ways to encourage this event; we will examine these here:

  • One of the more common reasons for fainting is dehydration. What happens here is that the body does not have enough fluid inside the system to keep the brain adequately supplied. This dehydration could occur for many possible reasons. We might have some type of food poisoning which means that we are losing fluids through vomiting and diarrhoea. We might have spent too long in the heat and didn’t bother to drink anything to replace the fluid lost through perspiration. Anything that causes our fluid level in the body to fall will greatly increase our chances of fainting.
  • The vagus nerve plays a very importing role in fainting as this can be responsible for redirecting blood away from the brain to the digestive system. Some people have a vagus nerve that is a bit trigger happy and so will overdo it when redirecting blood away from the brain and this can lead to a fainting spell. For some people a sudden fight or a lot of anxiety in their life will be enough to have this vagus nerve working overtime and causing fainting spells.
  • Hypotension means that our blood pressure is too low and this can also lead to a syncope attack.
  • Another frequent cause of this type of event is alcohol or drugs. Alcohol works in a number of ways to bring on a faint. On one hand it is a diuretic; this means that you pee a lot. This means that even though you might be drinking a lot of alcohol you can still end up dehydrated. Another way that alcohol causes syncope is that it relaxes the blood vessels causing them to dilate – leading to a fall in pressure. The different drugs, both legal and illegal, can work in different ways to cause a faint.
  • Any type of cardiac problem can lead to this type of episode because it will interfere with the ability of blood to reach the brain.

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How Do I Treat a Jammed Finger?

by Anthony Carter on March 7, 2011

treating jammed fingerA jammed finger is undoubtedly a painful experience; this is the type of pain that would have even the most timid individual swearing like a rapper. This is a common type of injury and it is likely that almost all of us will have experienced this pain at least a couple of times. The fact that this is such a common occurrence means that there have been many home treatments created to deal with it. While it is understandable that people want to be able to treat this condition themselves it is always advisable to get the advice of a medical expert. In the meantime here are a few ideas for how you might treat a jammed finger.

So How Do I Treat a Jammed Finger?

Before we move onto treatments for this type of injury it is worth considering what happens when we jam our finger in a door or other item. In a lot of cases the finger will only be jammed enough to cause minor tissue damage but at other times it can be a bit more serious than this. One of the potential injuries is called stoving and what happens here is that the finger is pushed into its socket causing a lot of discomfort. In some cases this will mean that the finger has been broken or dislocated.

After you jam your finger there will likely be a bit of swearing but after you get this under control the next thing that you will want to do is assess the damage. If there are signs of dislocation, a fracture, or lack of movement in the area then this will be the signal that you go right away to your local hospital for treatment. While mending the finger shouldn’t be too much of a problem it will need to be treated by a doctor. If there is nerve damage though this could potentially be more serious and will need prompt attention.

If you are confident that nothing is broken and you can still move the finger slightly then there are some things you can do to ease the pain. If movement causes a lot of pain then you will want to immobilize the area; you do this by creating a splint. If you have something like an ice pop stick then this can be ideal for this but otherwise you will need to improvise. Whatever you use to splint the finger will require some type of wrap to keep it in place.

Elevating the finger can help as it would with injuries elsewhere in the body. You might also want to take some prescription pain killers, but only if you don’t feel there is any need to go to the hospital. If you feel there is the need to be seen by a doctor then you shouldn’t take any medication until it has been prescribed at the hospital. If you are in any doubt about the injury always err on the side of caution and see your doctor.

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What is Scar Tissue?

by Anthony Carter on March 4, 2011

tissue injuryMost people will have at least a couple of scars on their body. These occur on areas of the body where the skin has been damaged due to an injury. As well as scars on the skin it is also possible to have scars on other types of body tissue including our internal organs. When a surgeon opens us up to fix a problem there may well be scars left inside our body from this work. Scaring seems to be an inevitable part of life, but what exactly is it?

So What is Scar Tissue?

If a body is damaged it needs to heal itself. If it couldn’t do this then we wouldn’t survive very long. Can you imagine a situation where we walk around with all our old wounds still open? When we damage tissue the body responds by producing a material to repair this. Unfortunately we are not able to recreate the exact tissue that has been damaged but instead the body is able to produce a type of fibrous tissue that is used instead – it is this that we are referring to when we talk about scaring. The replacement tissue is not as good as the original and there are quite a few drawbacks to it; although without it we wouldn’t be able to survive.

Scar tissue differs from our normal tissue in a number of important ways. It tends to be thicker and denser than what it is replacing and it is a different color; this is why scars can be so noticeable. This replacement tissue also has some limitations when compared to the original tissue; it is less flexible, it had no sweat glands, there are no hair follicles in it, it is less able to deal with the effects of the sun, and they can even restrict our movement or make internal organs work less effectively.

Can Our Scars be Removed?

Scars can make people very self conscious if they are on certain parts of the body. Facial scars in particular can damage an individual’s self-esteem, but any type of scar on the body could be the source of embarrassment. If somebody has an abdominal scar from surgery they might feel a bit embarrassed about having their skin on display so they completely avoid sunbathing. These people will likely be interested in any way to remove these scars completely.

Unfortunately it is not possible to fully remove scars because they would only be replaced with new scaring. The only thing that might help make them less interfering in our life is by applying a vitamin E cream to promote faster healing; this should also mean that the final scar is going to bit less rigid. Other than this there is not much we can do about most scars. In some cases it may be beneficial to perform surgery on scars, but this will not remove them completely. Although there are negative aspects to scaring it is important to keep in mind that they are vital to our survival.

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How to Develop High Blood Pressure?

by Anthony Carter on March 1, 2011

blood pressure testHigh blood pressure greatly increases your risk of heart disease, cardiovascular disease, and many other health problems. If you are eager to knock a few years off your life then one way to do this would be by having high blood pressure. There are hereditary factors that make some people more prone to this problem than others, but there is also a lot we can do ourselves to ensure that our blood pressure is through the roof. They call hypertension (the fancy word for high blood pressure) a silent killer because we tend to suffer the consequences of this without even noticing it.

So How Do You Develop High Blood Pressure?

Here are a few tips to greatly increase your chances of developing high blood pressure. Just implementing a few of these changes should mean that you will have a future of many health problems to look forward to.

  • Eat plenty of salt. The good news is that most of us do this anyway and this helps accounts for the epidemic levels of hypertension in society. If we are using more than 5.8 grams of salt per day we are on the royal path to hypertension. We don’t even have to add more salt to our food because if we eat plenty of processed food we are almost certainly consuming more than 5.8 grams already.
  • Obesity has been shown to be related to high blood pressure. This means that piling on the pounds are going should mean that your BP measurements should start to get impressively high. The other great thing about obesity is that it makes you unhealthy in so many ways that an early death seems almost inevitable.
  • A sedentary lifestyle is also something that has been shown to increase your risk of hypertension. If you spend more than six hours a day sitting down you will be inviting all sorts of health problems into your life including hypertension. These days a lot of us have a job that involves plenty of sitting so we have already put the welcome mat out for the silent killer.
  • Drinking a lot of alcohol has been linked to high blood pressure so you will want to be doing plenty of this. Not only will abusing alcohol make it more likely that you will experience hypertension but it should also help destroy your liver and pancreas.
  • Avoid vitamin D like it is poison. It has been shown that a lack of Vitamin D in your diet will increase your chances of high blood pressure so you will certainly want to make sure that you avoid this nutrient.
  • Smoking might not lead directly to hypertension but it certainly is a great addition to an unhealthy lifestyle; thus insuring that your high blood pressure has a greater impact on your health.

So there you have some of the things you can do to encourage high blood pressure. Of course if you don’t want to die sooner than would be expected just do the opposite of what has been suggested here.

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What Causes Hiccups?

by Anthony Carter on February 28, 2011

hiccupsHiccups can be annoying. Most of us will get them from time to time, but for some people they can occur with a bit too much regularity. What causes hiccups? Maybe by answering this question we might be able to do things to prevent them from occurring in the first place. Generally speaking hiccups are harmless, but they can cause a lot of embarrassment if they occur at the wrong time – like when you are giving an important presentation.

What is a Hiccup?

Before we can move on to looking at the causes of hiccups it is important to determine what they actually are. A hiccup is caused by an uncontrolled spasm of the diaphragm. This spasm causes us to draw a rapid intake of breath and it is this that creates the infamous hiccupping sound. The spasm itself is caused by the phrenic nerve; this nerve is situated in the neck and has some control over a number of organs including the diaphragm. There is no clear agreement on the reason why we develop hiccups or even if they serve any useful purpose.

What Causes Hiccups?

You may have noticed that there are certain activities that seem to bring on hiccups. If we avoid these then we should be able to greatly decrease our risk of developing this symptom at the wrong time. Here are just some of the possible causes of hiccups –

  • Eating or drinking has been shown to cause hiccups.
  • Drinking a lot of alcohol seems to make people likely to develop hiccups.
  • If we are trying to talk and eat at the same time then this can cause the symptom.
  • Laughing too hard can bring on hiccups.
  • It is claimed that eating spicy food can mean that some people will develop hiccups.
  • Eating food that is too hot can also mean that we have this symptom.
  • Excitement or nervousness can cause people to get hiccups.
  • Anything that irritates the stomach or throat.

In most instances the hiccups will only last a few minutes. We have probably all heard plenty of techniques for stopping them; holding our breath, putting sugar under our tongue, or drinking from the wrong side of a glass. One of the most popular ways to get rid of the hiccups is to be distracted by something that startles us; this is why when our friend suddenly shouts boo in our direction they might be trying to help us. Each of us seems to have our favorite way of dealing with hiccups and what works well for one person might not work well for another.

In the vast majority of cases hiccups will only ever be a minor symptom that lasts a few minutes and is then forgotten about. Occasionally though there will be people who develop hiccups that just don’t respond to any attempt to cure them with home remedies. If you have hiccups for a long time then you will need to seek medical treatment.

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Does Medicaid Cover Dental?

by Anthony Carter on February 25, 2011

medicaidMedicaid is a scheme that tries to ensure that people who need health care and can’t afford it will still have access. There has always been a lot of debate in regards to whether or not dental treatments should be covered by the scheme. In this article we will look at this issue in some depth and provide an answer to the question of whether or not Medicaid covers dental treatment.

What is Medicaid?

It is important to first describe exactly what Medicaid is before we go on to answer what it does and doesn’t cover. This program was established back in 1965 by the US Federal Government with the purpose of helping those who fall below the poverty line and just can’t afford health insurance. The scheme had its supporters and detractors from the start and this continues up until today. It is this debate over Medicaid that largely determines what is and what isn’t covered by the scheme.

Generally speaking Medicaid should cover all emergency treatments, needed medications, doctor and hospital visits, as well as prenatal care. The people who are entitled to benefit from this scheme will be determined by each individual state, but generally speaking anyone who falls below the poverty line will be entitled to it no matter where they live in the US. In some states it can be easier to qualify for Medicaid then in others.

Medicaid and Dental Care

Medicaid does cover dental care but only in some situations. The treatments and rules as for who is covered can vary between different states. There has been a push to provide complete dental coverage for those who most need it but there has been a lot of resistance to this. In a lot of states the rule is that those who are under 21 years of age, and qualify for Medicaid, will be given full dental coverage under the program. Those who are over 21 will only be entitled to coverage for emergency treatments. In some states such as California, Washington, and New York the coverage available is far more extensive for those who are over 21.

In order for you to determine your exact rights in regards to Medicaid for dental treatment you will need to check the rules for your state. The best person to speak to about this will be a social worker as they can offer you advice that is both expert and up to date. If you are entitled to this type of coverage then it makes sense that you avail of it.

The Need for Dental Care as Part of Medicaid

There are few who would doubt the necessity for good dental care. This is not just about cosmetics because having teeth that are cared for is part of overall general health. Teeth that are not taken care of properly can cause problems elsewhere in the body. Dental problems can also lead to situations that are very distressing and painful and it is important to get prompt attention in such a situation.

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How to Get Constipated?

by Anthony Carter on February 22, 2011

ConstipatedConstipation can mean spending a lot of time in the toilet, but it can also mean not visiting as frequently as you should. There can actually be some disagreement about what constipation refers to; for some people it will mean hard stools that are difficult to pass while for others it will just mean that they haven’t been to the toilet in a long time. If you ask a doctor they will likely tell you that you are constipated if you fail to open to your bowels at least three times during a one week period; if you have less than one bowel movement per week then this is known as severe constipation. In this case, you need to know the remedies for constipation.

Tips for How to Get Constipated

There are many things that can be done to make us constipated; although some people seem more prone to it than others. As we get older, constipation usually occurs more frequently. Here are just a few tips for how to get constipated.

  • If you eat a diet that is low in fibre than this greatly increases your chances of becoming constipated. Fibre has no real nutritional value because we don’t absorb it, but it is needed to ensure that we have a healthy digestive system. If you would prefer to have constipation then you will want to avoid fibre as much as possible.
  • Another way that you can encourage constipation is by delaying opening your bowels for as long as possible. If you feel the urge to go just wait until you really have to go. If you do this often enough the body will respond by becoming constipated – it is sort of like training yourself to become chronically constipated by bad bowel habits.
  • You might have thought that using laxatives would prevent constipation but if you use them regularly you could actually be encouraging constipation. This is particularly true if you use the stimulus variety of laxatives as these can damage nerves in the colon; this is referred to as colonic inertia. So while it might seem strange you can encourage constipation by overusing laxatives.
  • Water is important for a healthy digestive system and if we don’t get enough of it then this can lead to tough stools that are hard to pass. The answer is obvious then; if you want to encourage constipation just reduce your intake of water. Of course you will also experience lot of other negative symptoms as well as this and don’t be surprised if you start hallucinating or collapsing a lot.
  • If you develop diabetes then this could also help you experience regular constipation. Diabetes is on the rise because of poor diets and other bad lifestyle choices. This means that a lot more of us can look forward to struggling to empty our bowels.
  • Inactivity can also mean that we are more likely to develop constipation. If you are physical fit then you will be more likely to have a healthy digestive system so you will want to avoid the gym if possible.

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What Is the Difference Between an Epidemic and a Pandemic?

by Anthony Carter on February 21, 2011

‘Epidemic’ and ‘pandemic’ are two words that have become part of our everyday speech. There can be some confusion though in how these words are used and sometimes people will say one thing when they mean another. The way we deal with an epidemic and a pandemic will differ so it is useful to be able to distinguish between them.

What is an Epidemic?

An ‘epidemic’ refers to a situation where more people than would normally be expected are suffering from a certain condition. It is a widespread outbreak of a disease where a lot of people are ill. An example of this would be how almost all communities will experience a cold and flu season, but if the number of people hit by these infections is higher than usual then we would call that an epidemic. An epidemic will be characterised as an infection that infects a lot of people in a certain community or geographical area; in other words the rate of infections will be normal outside of this grouping.

What is a Pandemic?

As we have already said, an epidemic will occur within a certain community or in a particular geographical area. If the infection spreads to a much larger group of people and spreads outside of a community it will then be considered a pandemic. So the difference between an epidemic and pandemic is in regards to the extent of the problem and the number of people who have been affected.

A good example of a pandemic would be swine flu. This infection has occurred on a number of occasions but in 2007 it became a pandemic by spreading to a number of different countries. There was a global effort to prevent swine flu from spreading internationally and it seems that these efforts were successful. If this swine flu had only been an epidemic in one community it would have been the cause of concern, but the fact that it became a pandemic had a lot of people panicking.

The terms ‘pandemic’ and ‘epidemic’ can sometimes be a bit misleading if we think that it is only about numbers. For example, most of the population of a country might be infected by the flu but this won’t be considered a pandemic though because it could be that as a whole the countries infection rate isn’t higher than normal.

Why is it Important to Know the Difference between a Pandemic and Epidemic?

The reason why it is important to be able to differentiate between a pandemic and an epidemic is to do with how we react to it. If an infection is higher than normal within a certain community then we can focus health care resources to help deal with people dealing with this epidemic. If the disease becomes a pandemic though, we will need to do all we can to stop the spread of the infection – it becomes a national or international problem rather than just a local one.

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Can I Remove Skin Tags at Home?

by Anthony Carter on February 18, 2011

A lot of people will develop skin tags; especially as they get older. These blemishes are perfectly harmless, but they can make people a bit self-conscious. If an individual has noticeable skin tags it might damage their self-esteem and make them a bit less confident. This is why a lot of us who develop skin tags will want them removed. The standard thing to do is to visit the doctor and get them to remove the tags, but this can be a real hassle. The good news is that there may also be the option to remove these at home; although this probably isn’t going to be a good choice for everyone.

What is a Skin Tag?

Before we go on to discuss how to remove skin tags at home it is probably best to first describe what they are. Skin tags are just bits of skin that have overgrown and now project from the rest of the skin on what looks like a stalk. They are almost always benign and don’t usually cause any type of health problems. People who are obese are a lot more likely to develop them. If skin tags are just ignored they will sometimes fall off themselves, but this can take a long time and this is why people often want to hurry the process along.

How to Remove Skin Tags at Home

The most important thing to say about removing skin tags at home is that you must be certain that it is a skin tag. If you have any doubts in your mind then you will need to go and see a doctor just to insure that it isn’t something more sinister. Even if you are certain that it is a skin tag you still might want to have your doctor remove it – this would be the most sensible approach. Some of us though, just aren’t always as sensible as we should be and so will remove the skin tag at home if we are confident of doing so safely.

There are a number of options for removing skin tags at home, but we will just examine two of these here. The first option can take a bit of time but it is the safer of the two I’m going to mention here. It involves making a paste by mixing baking soda and castor oil and applying this to the skin tag frequently throughout the day. It can take up to a fortnight but this should cause the tag to dry out and consequently fall off.

Another option is a bit more invasive because it involves cutting the skin tag off with a sharp scissors or nail clippers – these should be sterilised first by leaving them in boiling water for at least 10 minutes. You tie the bottom of the skin tag tightly with dental floss and then cut it off with the scissors. After you have finished it is vital that you apply anti bacterial ointment to prevent infection. This option isn’t too painful and it is certainly effective.

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How to Sleep For Less Than Two Hours a Night?

by Anthony Carter on February 15, 2011

Sleep is very overrated so wouldn’t it be great if we could reduce it to a minimum? That way we could spend a lot more time thinking about our problems and worrying about the future. I can’t promise that these tips will help you eliminate sleep altogether but it should help you cut it down to about a couple of hours. Once you have cut down your sleep to such a low level you will not only benefit from more hours in the day, but you should also get to experience a constant feeling of grogginess – sort of like being drunk but you won’t have to spend any money.

How to Sleep For Less Than Two Hours a Night

So here are just a few tips that should mean that you will be able to sleep for less than two hours a night:

  • Fill your bedroom full of entertainment options. You need to have at least a TV in there and leave this switched on all night. You are going to need plenty of distractions to keep you awake when you feel yourself drifting off to sleep.
  • Drink plenty of coffee in the evenings and late into the night. You should also supplement your caffeine intake with a few energy drinks. Always drink a can of energy drink before you go to bed.
  • If you aren’t a big fan of coffee then there are also caffeine tablets that you can take as well.
  • Don’t open your bills until late at night and that way you will have something fresh to worry about and this should help keep you awake.
  • Increasing your stress levels is a great way to encourage insomnia. The biggest stressors come from our jobs and our relationships so do your best to stir up the pot here. As your level of sleep decreases you should find that you will naturally become less productive in your job – you should get a nice feedback mechanism going as your boss makes threats and further increases your stress levels. The fact that you become more easily irritated due to insomnia is likely to make your relationships a lot rockier so you will benefit from the stress here as well.
  • If you don’t smoke cigarettes then you should certainly take up the habit. This also gives you a mental boost every time you get a bit sleepy. The other nice thing about smoking is you will also have the worry of wondering if your clothes and breath smell repellent to other people. You should also attempt to quit smoking every few weeks as the withdrawals will help you develop further insomnia; as soon as these withdrawals seem to be fading you should start back up on the habit again. If you can get into a routine of starting and stopping smoking then this should ensure a lot of sleepless hours over the years.
  • Night is the best time to start thinking about your death – this is a great subject to keep you awake.

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What are Some Low Progesterone Symptoms?

by Anthony Carter on February 14, 2011

women reproductionProgesterone is a hormone that can be found within the bodies of both men and women. This steroidal hormone is most associated with the female reproductive cycle and so it is usually women who have the most noticeable effects of low progesterone. The amount of this hormone will vary between women and over time, but if it falls too low there will be symptoms. Low progesterone can lead to many unpleasant symptoms and it could even be life threatening.

So what are Some Low Progesterone Symptoms?

The symptoms of low progesterone can vary a great deal, and most of these symptoms could actually indicate something different – that is why it is always vital to get competent medical advice and treatment. Here are just some of the most common symptoms that are associated with low progesterone in females:

  • As progesterone is so important for the reproductive cycle it is usually changes here that will first become noticeable. Changes to the reproductive cycle could indicate that there is a problem with the levels of this hormone in the body. Those who experience extreme cramps or an increased level of blood clots may find that this is due to low progesterone. If PMS is worse than usual then this too could be a symptom.
  • Low progesterone can lead to hypothyroidism – this means that the thyroid is not producing enough of this other important hormone.
  • Those who are experiencing the symptoms of low progesterone may find that they have become a bit forgetful of late. This is because this hormone can also affect memory. It might also mean that the person affected will find it hard to concentrate generally.
  • Many of the symptoms associated with the menopause are due to low progesterone; these including symptoms such as insomnia, loss of libido, mood swings, and hot flushes.
  • If this hormone is low it can also mean episodes of depression and possibly even suicide attempts – this is why it is crucial to get help for this condition as soon as possible.
  • Those with low progesterone levels will find that they put on weight a lot easier than usual.
  • It is believed that the risk of certain types of cancer is greatly increased due to low progesterone levels.

What to Do If You Suspect that You Have Low Progesterone Level Symptoms

If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms you will want to go see a doctor and have it checked out. Even if the cause isn’t this hormone you will still want to know what is causing these issues. The internet and friends can be a great resource for finding out about things, but this should never replace good medical advice and treatment. Just ignoring the symptoms is not recommended because they could increase in severity or lead on to further issues. Once the problem has been diagnosed it is fairly straightforward to treat; you doctor might prescribe some progesterone supplements – it is important to not take these unless they have been prescribed by your doctor.

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What is Prophylaxis?

by Anthony Carter on February 11, 2011

Not all medicine or treatments offered by the medical profession are to treat conditions. In many instances there will be medicines given to stop a problem occurring in the first place – this is called prophylaxis. Most of us will have no problem crediting medicines when they help us deal better with a symptom or condition, but with prophylaxis it is rarer to feel such gratitude. Despite the fact that we may not notice the effect of prophylaxis it is something that could be a real life saver. We will never know how many people have been spared suffering because of this type of medication, but it is so good that we have it.

How Prophylaxis Helps

Prophylaxis covers a wide range of medicines and other items; even a condom is a considered one because it can prevent us from catching an STD. All those medicines that help keep our blood pressure within normal limits or keep our blood thin are likewise prophylaxis. If your child has a fall and you wash the wound with some type of antibiotic then this could be described as using prophylaxis – the list goes on and on.

Some medicines can be used to treat conditions but also to prevent them occurring in the first place. A good example of this is antibiotics; they can be given to help fight disease or to stop it arriving in the first place. It is now quite common for surgeons to prescribe a few doses of antibiotic following surgery. This is not because they want to treat any infection that is currently present but to avoid one coming in the first place. Of course we won’t notice the benefit of this type of treatment because we’ll never know what might have been.

Prophylaxis can be used on a much larger scale. Sometimes there will be an attempt to reduce the impact of an epidemic by offering this type of treatment. A good example of this is the flu vaccine that is given to a lot of people at the start of each winter. The idea of this type of intervention is not only to safeguard those who are vulnerable, such as the very young and the very old, but to also reduce the overall number of the people who will suffer in any epidemic. It is generally the case that the more people that have a virus the more it will be spread.

A World without Prophylaxis

The world would be a much different place if we only treated conditions as they arise. This is because when a lot of problems do become noticeable it is already too late to treat them. It is much better to prevent things like strokes and heart disease before they develop rather than when they are already destroying the body. Prophylaxis medicine really is the unsung hero of our modern world because it keeps us safe without us even noticing. It has without doubt saved many lives and extended the life of the rest of us.

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How to Look Twenty Years Older With Minimal Effort?

by Anthony Carter on February 8, 2011

wrinkles make you look oldEveryone knows that there are many advantages to looking older. The more wrinkles you have the more people will credit your wisdom. There is also a social obligation to respect the elderly and so looking a lot older than your actual age can open doors for you. For example, if you are fifty but look to be in your seventies you are likely to find it a lot easier to get a seat on public transport. If you look your age then you may have accepted that this is just the way it is, but this is not the case – you can look a lot older and with minimal effort.

So Can I Look Twenty Years Older with Minimal Effort

Here are just some of the steps you can take to pile on the years. There is no need to buy any special equipment, because most of these tips probably just involve doing more of things you are already doing.

  • Spend as much time lying in the sun as possible. The great thing about sunbathing is that it not only turns your skin brown but also makes it feel like leather and increases wrinkles. This is why those people who spend a lot of time in the sun will usually look a lot older than they actually are. This is probably the most effective method for looking older and this explains why it is so popular.
  • Smoking is also useful for helping you age rapidly. Most of us will have observed how smokers tend to have wrinkles around the side of their mouth, but this habit can actually have a far greater impact on how you look. In fact smoking cigarettes could be considered the miracle drug for aging as it causes an impact on every organ in the body. If you are serious about aging quickly you will want to get smoking.
  • It helps if you can increase your stress levels as much as possible as this will also have a dramatic aging affect on your body. A few simple life changes like slacking off in your job, cheating on your partner, or developing an addiction are great ways to increase stress levels.
  • Excessive alcohol will not only make your nose turn red and wrinkled but it can have the same damaging impact on the rest of your body. The great thing about excessive alcohol intake is that it is like a multivitamin for the unhealthy; not only will the alcohol damage your body, but it should also increase your stress levels because of the impact it can have on your behavior.
  • Sleep as little as possible. Keep a television in your bedroom as this will make it easier to stay awake at night. A couple of energy drinks before you hit the pillow is great for encouraging insomnia.
  • Drink plenty of coffee as this can have some nice aging effects. It will also help you sleep less.

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What are Symptoms of Rabies in Humans?

by Anthony Carter on February 7, 2011

If we are bitten by a dog or other animal, we may be worried about the possibility of contracting rabies. This disease is actually fairly uncommon, but most of us will have heard about it from movies or other media. Although rare, it is a good idea to understand the symptoms of rabies because it can be very serious. Anyone who has been bitten by a wild animal should of course seek medical assistance right away, but even if it is an animal we are familiar with we should still get attention for the bite.

What is Rabies?

Rabies is a viral infection that attacks the central nervous system. It can be deadly and it is passed to humans in the saliva of animals who have been infected with this virus. The vast majority of animals who have rabies will be wild; in some countries wild animals account for more than 90% of infections. The most common animals to pass on rabies are wild dogs, foxes, racoons, and bats. For people to contract rabies they will usually have been bitten by one of these animals; the skin will have been broken and this means that the saliva from the animal can pass on the infection. In very rare cases it has occurred that the infection has been passed onto humans without an actual bite.

The Symptoms of Rabies in Humans

The important thing to realise with rabies in humans is that the incubation period can vary greatly. Symptoms may appear relatively quickly or it could incubate for months – or even years. Most people with rabies though, will start exhibiting symptoms within 3 to 7 weeks. The most common symptoms that will be observed include:

  • Strange sensations at the part of the body where the original bite occurred
  • Numbness or tingling in the body
  • Increased anxiety for no apparent reason
  • Drooling at the mouth
  • Loss of muscle function
  • Hallucinations
  • Paralysis
  • Excitability
  • A low grade fever
  • People can start to have convulsions
  • Restlessness
  • Difficulty swallowing and muscle spasms in the throat – this leads to the foaming at the mouth that is so often associated with rabies
  • Muscle spasms

If the symptoms of rabies are allowed to develop then they will lead to death so it is vital that people seek attention before symptoms appear. There is preventative treatment available but this needs to be commenced before the symptoms begin for it to be effective. If there is any chance that you may have contracted rabies your health care professional will provide you with five vaccine shots that are usually spaced out over 28 days. There are a couple of tests that can be performed in order to determine if you have indeed contracted this disease.

The best way to deal with rabies is to avoid getting bitten in the first place. Never approach an animal that is behaving strangely or acting aggressively. If you see such a suspicious animal you should get away from it and alert the authorities.

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