What Could Cause a False Positive on a Pregnancy Test?

by Anthony Carter on April 15, 2011

pregnancy testA pregnancy test is never 100% accurate. This is why it is important to not rely on this totally for deciding if you are pregnant. There are a number of things which could cause a false positive reading. If you just take the results of a pregnancy test at face value it could lead to disappointment later on or a lot of worry now. It is true to say though, that a false positive is fairly rare and most of the time when a pregnancy test indicates that you are pregnant it means that you are.

How Does a Home Pregnancy Test Work?

In order to understand what can cause a false positive on a pregnancy test it will probably be useful to understand a bit about how the home test works. Most of these work by measuring the amount of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) in urine; this is why it may also be referred to as the HCG test. This hormone is produced as the placenta grows and so it will appear in higher amounts when body fluid is tested. This hormone won’t increase right away after conception and this is why you need to wait until after you’ve missed your period before taking the test.

So What Could Cause a False Positive on a Pregnancy Test?

There are a number of possible reasons why you might get a false positive on a pregnancy test including:

  • If you are getting medical assistance to get pregnant then this could lead to a false positive on the test. This is due to the fact that a common treatment for infertility is HCG injections. The fact that the home pregnancy test uses high levels of HCG as an indicator for a positive will lead to a false reading in this situation.
  • If you don’t get the urine cleanly onto the test paper then you could easily cause a false reading. There are different soaps and creams that have been shown to interfere with the test.
  • In rare cases a tumor can be the cause of the false positive reading. Some tumors can cause the symptoms of pregnancy including high HCG results. The good news is that be discovering them due to the test they can usually be removed without any further problems.
  • There are a number of different medications that have been shown to lead to false positive readings on the HCG test. If you are on any medication you will want to make sure that it isn’t going to interfere with the test. Examples of the type of medicines that can interfere with the home pregnancy test includes; anti-epileptic medication, tranquilizers, and medications used in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease.

Confirming a Pregnancy

Although a false positive is fairly uncommon you will still want your pregnancy confirmed by a doctor. This can be an anxious time as you wait for conformation, but it is always recommended that you get things confirmed officially as soon as you can.

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How to Get Muscle Cramps?

by Anthony Carter on April 12, 2011

Muscle cramps can bring tears to your eyes so most people will want to avoid them at all costs. It is hard to imagine anyone who would actually want to experience this type of symptom but you never know. Here we will examine some of the ways that you can increase the chances of experiencing muscle cramps. If you aren’t attracted to this type of pain then just ignore the advice here.

What is a Muscle Cramp?

Before we can offer advice on how to get muscle cramps it will probably be helpful to describe what these actually are. A muscle cramp occurs when this type of tissue contracts violently and involuntarily. This contraction will harden the muscle and lead to a lot of pain. Almost everyone will experience an occasional cramp and they can last anywhere from a few seconds to a few minutes.

Ways to Get Muscle Cramps

If you are attracted to this type of unpleasant pain then there are a number of things you can do to increase your chances of experiencing muscle cramps.

  • One way to encourage them is by exercising too vigorously and avoiding warming up and warming down. Muscle fatigue is one good way to put the muscle in a condition where cramps are highly likely. If you haven’t exercised in a long time then this fatigue is more likely to occur. So if you are generally a couch potato then just put on your running shoes and run for miles; you are almost certain to get a cramp.
  • Rest cramps are those unpleasant cramps that wake you up with intense pain during the middle of the night. There is still no exact causes known for why this type of muscle cramp occurs but it is believed to be something to do with those movements that shorten the muscle. If you do something like leaving your toe in a pointing position then you greatly increase your chances of getting this type of cramp.
  • Another great way to encourage cramps is to get dehydrated. Encouraging excessive fluid loss through exercise, heat, and lack of fluid intake is going to greatly increase your chances of getting a cramp. As well as fluid loss you should also experience a loss in sodium which can further increase the likelihood of cramps. If you really take this advice seriously you might also get to enjoy heat stroke as well.
  • Remove all potassium from your diet and you should find that you are well on your way to muscle cramps.
  • If you are an alcoholic then this can lead to cirrhosis of the liver. This condition will often cause body fluid shifts which can also lead to cramps.
  • When you have low calcium and magnesium levels in your blood stream it tends to cause the nerve endings to become more excitable. This increased excitability has been shown to greatly increase the risk of muscle cramps. All you have to do is avoid foods that contain these important minerals.


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What Is a Kidney Stone Stent?

by Anthony Carter on April 11, 2011

A kidney stone stent may also be referred to as a ureteric stent. It is a type of plastic tube that is passed between the bladder and the kidney in the ureter. The purpose of this tube is to make it easier for an individual to pass a kidney stone. This type of stent is only left in for a short period of time and so will later need to be removed; the usual length of time for this is six weeks although this can vary.

How a Kidney Stone Stent is Used?

This type of stent is coiled at both ends to ensure that it stays put within the kidney and bladder. It can be inserted in a patient either under a general anesthetic (where they will be asleep) or with a local anesthetic (where they will be awake).  The surgeon uses a special tool called a cystoscope; this is a device that allows them to see the urethra and performs other functions as well. Once the surgeon can see what they are doing they will then be able to insert the kidney stone stent.

How a Kidney Stent Works

A kidney stent works because it can make it easier for the individual to pass a kidney stone. This technique is usually offered when it believes that the individual just needs a little help to pass the stone; it is not a procedure that will be appropriate in all cases. Once the stent is in place then this means that urine can flow more freely because it gets rid of any obstruction. It is also hoped that by having the stent the kidney stone will be flushed out along with the urine. Sometimes a stent will be inserted after a kidney stone has been surgically removed. This is done in order to assist with the healing process.

The Problem with Kidney Stents

Kidney stents can work really well at helping people heal from kidney stones or even get rid of them without the need for surgery. There are some unwanted side effects of this type of procedure though, and one of these is that there can be a lot of discomfort from the stent. A lot of patients complain that they can fell the stent pulling or that there is quite a bit of pain. There may also be the urge to frequently go to the toilet. It may even be that the individual will be able to stay in certain positions while they have the stent insitu.

How is a Kidney Stent Removed?

The procedure for kidney stent removal is similar for insertion. If a stent is left in for too long it can cause complications such as infection. Once again the surgeon will use a cystoscope in order to guide their efforts. In some cases there will be a bit of soreness for a few days after the stent has been removed. The doctor will be able to prescribe some analgesia to help the patient deal with this pain.

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What does an Electroencephalogram (EEG) Test?

by Anthony Carter on April 8, 2011

ElectroencephalogramAn Electroencephalogram (EEG) is a test or scan that is used to diagnose epilepsy and other conditions. This type of test works by measuring the electrical activity in the brain. This information can provide a lot of useful information. The neurons in the brain produce electrical activity and it is for this reason that the test works.

How an Electroencephalogram (EEG) Work?

This type of test is completely painless. It just involves placing electrodes on your head; these will then have wires attached and the information will be passed into a special device that can interpret the data. In most instances this test takes about an hour or possible two; during that time the results the electrical activity is printed onto a roll of paper. Any movement can interfere with the results so there will usually be a video to record any movement that occurs so that they don’t flaw the test. This type of test can be conducted in a hospital or sometimes in a neurology clinic.

During the test itself you will likely be asked to perform certain actions. This could involve such actions as breathing deeply or blinking. You might also be asked to look at some flashing lights. These can trigger seizures but you will be in a controlled environment where you will be safe.

How to Prepare for an Electroencephalogram

There is little bit of preparation required for this type of test. It is important thought that you inform those taking the test of any medication you are currently taking. It is advised that you wash your hair before arriving and that you don’t apply and type of gel or other hair creams. You need to avoid any alcohol or other mind altering chemicals before the test.

When you arrive for the test your head is likely to be measured. There will also usually be some markings made on your head with a special marker that can be easily washed off later. This is all done by a trained technician and the aim is to decide on the best placement for the electrodes. These electrodes are then applied to your hear using a special adhesive. There is no need to shave the head and the adhesive glue used is easy to wash off later.

The Results of an Electroencephalogram

The EEG provides a lot of useful information that a trained neurologist can interpret to mean doffing things. The print out may look like just squiggles to a lay person but they can provide the neurologist with plenty of information. This tool is most often used to diagnose epilepsy; it can appear as sharp spikes on the graph. It is possible for the expert to decide on where the epilepsy is occurring also by the information provided in this test.

The Electroencephalogram is a very useful test and it involves minimal discomfort. The quality of the information provided by the EEG means that it is well worth having if your neurologist feels that it is required.

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How to Get the Hiccups?

by Anthony Carter on April 5, 2011

Hiccups are something that most of us will have to deal with from time to time. They usually aren’t a symptom of anything serious, but they can be a bit annoying all the same. It is hard to imagine that anyone would actually want to get the hiccups, but I’ve produced this guide just in case. Of course, this article might also be of value to those who don’t want to get hiccups because they can just do the opposite of what is recommended here.

What Are Hiccups?

Before we go on to talk about how to get hiccups it is probably helpful if we first discuss what they are. Most of us will know that a hiccup is an involuntary sound we make and that it can make our body jerk as we are making it. Let’s dig a little deeper though to see what is actually going on when we get these. A hiccup is involuntary contraction (also called a spasm) of the diaphragm muscle. When this spasm occurs it causes the vocal cords to shut in a rapid motion and it is this that creates the hiccup sounds. Researchers are still not fully sure what is happening when we hiccup, but we have found out many possible causes. In most instances it is not going to be the sign of anything sinister; unless we experience hiccups that just won’t go away. If we do have prolonged hiccupping then it is advisable to seek medical assistance.

How to Get the Hiccups

Here are just a few suggestions for how you might get hiccups if you really wanted to have them:

  • If you eat too much food then this can cause the stomach to distend and this might trigger the diaphragm to start to spasm. So if you are keen to get the hiccups you might try stuffing your face with as much food as you can get in there.
  • Eating too fast has been shown to cause hiccups; especially if we manage to gulp in large quantities of air as we are eating. These days we live in a fast paced word where a lot of us approach our meals as if it were a race; it is little wonder that we frequently end up having to deal with the hiccups. If you want to encourage hiccups then make sure that you eat your meals as if you only had seconds to live.
  • Certain noxious fumes have been shown to trigger hiccups, but you would want to be really desperate to use this method – you could easily end up with more than you bargain for. Mind you, the fact that there is no so much pollution in our towns and cities means that most of us will easily be able to breathe in enough noxious fumes to start a hiccupping fit.
  • Spicy food and carbonated drinks are two other possible solutions for those who want to have the hiccups – especially if you eat and drink them fast.

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What is Colitis?

by Anthony Carter on April 4, 2011

Colitis refers to a large number of different conditions that lead to inflammation within the lining of the bowel; usually the large intestine. This inflammation can lead to a lot of unpleasant symptoms that can be disruptive to a person’s routine. The fact that there are different types of colitis means that there are different ways to deal with the problem. It is important to identify the cause to ensure that the correct course of action is then taken.

The Symptoms of Colitis

There are a number of different symptoms associated with colitis and the most common of these include:

  • Diarrhea or frequently having a loose bowel motion
  • Cramping in the abdominal region
  • Weight loss
  • Inability to sleep at night
  • Loss of control over bowel movements – incontinence
  • Loss of appetite
  • A sensation of bloating
  • Bleeding from the rectal area

All of these symptoms don’t necessarily indicate that a person has colitis as they can also indicate other conditions as well – some of these are potentially very serious. It is always important to seek medical advice when we begin to experience these types of symptoms.

The Causes of Colitis

As mentioned above there are many possible causes of colitis and these include:

  • Colitis may be due to an infection. If this is a bacterial infection then it may be possible to treat it with antibiotics. If the colitis is due to a viral infection then this can be tougher to deal with.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome is associated with frequent bouts of colitis. There are many people who have this condition but are unaware of it because it hasn’t been diagnosed. If you suffer from colitis regularly then you need to be checked for irritable bowel syndrome as this could be one of the causes.
  • Intestinal diseases such as Crohn’s Disease means that those with the condition will be more prone to developing colitis.
  • Some drugs can create colitis type symptoms as unwanted side effects

How to Deal with Colitis

In most instances colitis will be caused by something we have eaten; salmonella is a usual culprit. If you are experiencing the symptoms of colitis for more than 48 hours then you should seek medical assistance; especially if you don’t have an underlying disease that you suspect is causing the problem. If you have a bacterial infection then it will be important to be put on the right type of antibiotic. If it is due to some other cause then this needs to be investigated; sometimes appendicitis can be mistook for something less sinister. Some types of food poisoning can be dangerous and will require medical assistance.

The best way to deal with colitis is to avoid getting it in the first place. This will not be always possible but ensuring that we take precautions with food preparation and cooking will reduce our risk. It is also important that we learn proper sanitary routines such as properly washing our hands after we have been to the toilet.

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What is a Sitz Bath?

by Anthony Carter on April 4, 2011

Sitz BathThere are a number of reasons why an individual might want to use a Sitz bath, but the two most common are when dealing with hemorrhoids or it can provide comfort for a woman who has just had a baby. A Sitz Bath can refer to a special design for a bath or it is possible to create a similar effect by just adapting how we use our regular bath. Some people will create their own by using a shallow bucket.

How Does a Sitz Bath Work?

With this type of bath you bathe as if you were sitting in a chair with the hips and buttocks immersed in the water. In fact the word ‘sitz’ is German for ‘sit’ so this describes the treatment very well. Some people will just sit in normal warm water but others will add other ingredients to provided extra relief; those with hemorrhoids or recovering from trauma during pregnancy may add baking soda or other ingredients to the water.

The Sitz bath is believed to be beneficial in a number of ways. It helps to reduce inflammation and it can also be good at easing any type of cramping; women who suffer from severe menstrual cramps may get relief from using this type of treatment. Another condition that seems to benefit is an enlarged prostate gland.

Sometimes a doctor will instruct a patient to take regular Sitz baths but a lot of people will just commence this treatment themselves. It is usual to sit in the bath for about 20 minutes in order to get the maximum benefit. It is important to find a comfortable way to sit on the bath for this length of time and this is why it is often preferable to purchase something that has been specifically designed for this purpose.

Using a Sitz Bath

It is possible to purchase a Sitz bath that fits directly over a toilet and this can be a good option because these are easier to drain and tend to be easier to use. The price for this type of item varies depending on your requirements but it is possible to pick something up at a fairly reasonable price; the important thing is that you will be able to comfortably use whatever bath you choose. As we have already mentioned it is possible to just use a normal bath or improvise with a bucket but these may not be the most comfortable options.

One important aspect of using a Sitz bath is that care is taking to be hygienic. The bath needs to be thoroughly cleaned after every use. It is preferable to not share this bath with anyone else unless it has been fully sterilized. One consideration when buying this type of product will be how easy it is to keep it clean. It also helps if there is some mechanism for easy drainage once you have finished with it and to prevent the overflow of water when you sit on it.

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How to Develop Macular Degeneration?

by Anthony Carter on March 29, 2011

macular degenerationAlthough Macular Degeneration is closely associated with the aging process there are things you can do to increase your chances of developing the problem. This is the most common reason for vision problems and some of us will begin to notice the symptoms in our fifties. This condition will usually leave our peripheral vision intact, but we will find it hard to see anything in our central vision. If you are fed up of seeing faces then this is the eye disease you will want to develop.

What is Macular Degeneration?

Before we go on to explain how you can develop macular degeneration it will probably be a good idea to explain what it is we are talking about. After all, you don’t want to put a lot of effort into developing an eye problem if you don’t know what it is. There are actually two types of macular degeneration; wet and dry. Dry macular degeneration is the most common and this chronic condition involves the loss of sight slowly over many years. Wet dry macular degeneration is more serious because it quickly leads to loss of vision. We are not exactly sure what causes the macular to be damaged but this is where light sensitive cells are situated and we depend on these to see.

How to Develop Macular Degeneration

As we have mentioned already we are not sure about the exact process that leads to the problem. We do however know that there are certain lifestyle choices that seem to mean that macular degeneration is more likely to occur and that it will progress at a faster rate. Here are just some of the things you will want to do if you are serious about losing your eyesight.

  • It is believed that smokers are twice as likely to develop the problem so if you don’t already have the habit you might want to start. If you do already smoke then just keep puffing away and you can look forward to blurry vision in the future.
  • If you are overweight then this is another factor that has been linked to the development of the issue. Even more exciting is that piling on the pounds can mean you are more likely to develop wet macular degeneration; the more serious type which can quickly lead to blindness.
  • Lack of exercise is also associated with this condition so make sure you spend as much time as possible sitting around. It has also been shown that exercise will slow down the deterioration so if you want things to progress a bit faster you better keep still.
  • Diet is also important and you will want to avoid eating fruit and vegetables.
  • High cholesterol and high blood pressure are two other conditions linked to it.

As you can see there is a lot you can do to encourage macular degeneration. Of course, if you don’t really want to lose your vision you would be wise to do the opposite of what has been suggested here.

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What are Psychotropic Drugs?

by Anthony Carter on March 28, 2011

marijunaPsychotropic drugs are known to most of us; although we might not recognize them by this name. In fact a lot of us tried this type of drug in the past. The most famous of all  are illegal substances like LSD and marijuana, but caffeine is also considered to belong to this group. The psychotropic drugs that get the most attention are of the illegal variety but there are many that are prescribed for different mental and physical conditions.

So What are Psychotropic Drugs?

These are drugs that basically affect the nervous system and by doing so they can cause changes to our perception and behavior. Sometimes this affect will be quite mild; people don’t tend to experience the world too differently after a cup of coffee. Stronger psychotropic drugs can completely change our perception; some are so good at this that we might not ever fully recover.

It is usual to describe these types of drugs as belonging to different classes; although some will belong to more than one class. The four classes are sedatives, stimulants, hallucinogenic substances, and depressants. Alcohol is considered to be a depressant and it is another psychotropic drug that most of us will be familiar with.

The strangest thing about them is that with a lot of them we have no clear idea about how they work. All we know is that when people take them that certain things will tend to happen; although the results can vary greatly between person to person.

The Benefits of Psychotropic Drugs

There are many medicinal properties associated with psychotropic drugs; even those that are now classified as illegal. LSD was originally devised as a method for treating people with certain mental health issues, and for many years it was used for this purpose. These days there are an increasing number of people who need to take antidepressants and some antipsychotic medications.

Some psychotropic drugs such as marijuana are the subject of much debate because of their association with negative as well as positive effects. There is no doubt that this can be a very effective medicine for dealing with chronic pain and other conditions; in fact there are many who claim that there is no substitute for how effective can be. The evidence for the benefits of marijuana is supported by plenty of scientific research. Marijuana has developed a bad reputation though because of its association with hippy culture and people who just want to get high. In many countries the knee jerk reaction has been to just ban the drug; even though this is unfair on those people who depend it to deal with ill health.

There is little doubt that abuse of illegal psychotropic drugs can lead to negative consequences. Some users of LSD and marijuana have suffered major mental health consequences as a result of misusing these chemicals. The one that has caused the most harm though is actually legal – alcohol is believed to cause far more problems than all the illegal drugs combined.

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What Is a Lung Nodule?

by Anthony Carter on March 25, 2011

If your doctor informs you that you have a lung nodule you will likely be worried. This type of tissue can be cancerous, but it is important to make clear that most times they will turn out to be benign. This type of tissue growth is quite common but it is important that we have it investigated to ensure that it isn’t anything too sinister.

What is a Lung Nodule?

A lung nodule is small mass of tissue located in the lungs. You will also sometimes hear this referred to as a pulmonary nodule but it means the exact same thing. If we have such a nodule then it can cause symptoms such as chest tightness; it is usually while investigating this that it’s discovered that we have this type of tissue. It will usually show up on an x-ray as a white area in the lung.

There are many possible causes of lung nodules. Sometimes the nodule is there due to TB or it could be from other infections. Sometimes these nodules appear because there are abnormalities in the blood vessels, and there can also be benign lumps where the cause is unclear. If the lung nodule is bigger than 25mm then there is a higher risk that it is cancerous. This is why it is usually the larger nodules that are the cause of most concern.

How to Decide if a Lung Nodule is Sinister

The easiest way for a doctor to decide if a lung nodule is a reason for concern is to compare a current x-ray to an older one. If this lump was there in the past and it hasn’t changed in size then the chances are that it is harmless. The doctor can also reach similar conclusions by comparing CT scans over time if these are available.

If the doctor is not convinced that the lung nodule is harmless they might order a lung biopsy. This procedure involves removing a tiny bit of the tissue to examine it more closely. To perform this investigation it can other be done by creating a cut in the chest or by a bronchoscope – a tube that is passed through your mouth. Once the tissue is removed then it will be tested to decide if it is cancerous or not.

How to Deal with a Lung Nodule

If the lung nodule is not causing too many problems and it is benign then the usual way of dealing with it will be to leave it alone. If it is found that the nodule is cancerous then it will be removed as long as the progression of the disease is still in the relatively early stages. Sometimes it won’t be possible to fully remove the growth and then other options like radiotherapy and chemotherapy should be considered.

Finding out that we have a lung nodule is a worry, but in the vast majority of cases it is not going to be anything too serious. It is important though that we follow the advice of our doctor if further investigations or treatments are required.

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How to Get Hemorrhoids?

by Anthony Carter on March 22, 2011

If you are a bit of a sadist who enjoys discomfort then you might be interested in developing hemorrhoids. Be warned though that this type of problem isn’t for the faint hearted and you are going to be challenged to the upmost. The common folk will usually refer to hemorrhoids as ‘piles’ and if you mention that you have this condition you are likely to get lots of sympathy from those around you. Hemorrhoids are credited with making strong men weep, and so anyone who willingly tries to develop this problem is hard as nails.

What are Hemorrhoids?

Before we go on to discussing how you can get hemorrhoids it will be useful to first discuss what they actually are. In simple terms a hemorrhoid is a swelling of a vein in your rectum area; this swelling is usually accompanied by inflammation as well. This vein becomes so big that it can start to resemble a grape sticking out of your bottom.

One of the first noticeable symptoms of hemorrhoids is itching. You might also find that there is evidence of fresh looking blood on your toilet paper. As the symptoms increase you are likely to experience an intensification of itchiness and some pain as well; the inflammation can mean that the area feels hot. Sitting down will become a problem and even walking can be a trial. Life can begin to feel miserable because of these hemorrhoids and even sleeping can become a problem.

How to Get Hemorrhoids

As we have already seen hemorrhoids is unpleasant but if you are sure this is what you want there are steps you can take.

  • There are a number of probable causes for hemorrhoids and one of these is straining on the toilet. So a good way to increase your chances of developing this problem is to push as hard as you can every time you intend to pass a motion. See how hard you can strain; you could turn it into a type of competition where you try to outdo your last good push. If you are feeling pressure behind your eyes as you push then you can take this as a good sign; it should only be a matter of time before the hemorrhoids appear.
  • Healthy solid feces are the enemy of hemorrhoid lovers because this means that the stool passes too easily. Avoid fiber as if it were a class A drug because this is what makes feces easy to pass.
  • Another notable cause of hemorrhoids is prolonged sitting on the toilet. Schedule a few hours each day when you sit in there; make things a bit more inviting by maybe putting a library in your toilet or possibly even a HD television.
  • Constipation is another cause of hemorrhoids and you can encourage this symptom by not drinking enough water and avoiding any type of exercise.

If you have followed the above steps you shouldn’t have to wait too long before you begin to feel and itch in your anus.

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What are Some Remedies for Constipation?

by Anthony Carter on March 21, 2011

Constipation is something that most of us will need to deal with from time to time. We have probably all heard how regular bowel motions are a sign of good health, and it can be worrying when we go a long time without passing a stool. Constipation is also something that can cause a lot of discomfort and even pain. If we strain too hard on the toilet it can also lead to other problems such as hemorrhoids. The best solution to the problem is to avoid becoming constipated in the first place, but this isn’t always possible.

Remedies for Constipation

Constipation is something that humans have needed to deal with throughout their history so it is hardly surprising that we have developed a number of remedies. What follows are just some of the most common treatments we have for the problem.

  • The most common cure for constipation is over the counter laxatives. These can work well but it is important to not use them too regularly as the bowel can begin to depend on them. There are a number of different types of laxatives available and it is probably best to start off with something quite mild.
  • It is a good idea to eat some licorice if you are constipated. If this is a treat that you like anyway then you will have a good excuse to indulge. Licorice has been shown to help people deal with constipation and it might be all you need to solve the problem. Of course there are some people who just don’t like the taste of licorice and they might want to try something else first.
  • There are many who claim that grapes are a great remedy for constipation. Just pop a few of these in your mouth and you should start to see results. If your constipation is quite severe though this might not be enough to solve the problem by itself.
  • A mixture of castor oil and honey can be another good home remedy for treating constipation. This isn’t the tastiest cure in the world and you have to just treat it as medicine. If this method really doesn’t appeal to you then you might want to try mixing honey with lemon instead; some people claim that this works equally well.
  • As well as choosing remedies it is important that we try to rectify the situation that led to constipation in the first place. We will need to look closely at our diet to ensure that we are getting enough fiber and we will also need to ensure that we are drinking enough fluids. A lot of us will develop constipation because we lead an inactive lifestyle with too much time sitting down. Make sure that you get plenty of regular exercise as this will prevent constipation arising in the first place.
  • Read how you get constipation in the first place.

Constipation is something that can make life a bit difficult but luckily there are some good remedies for the situation.

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What is a Self-Fulfilling Prophecy?

by Anthony Carter on March 18, 2011

A self-fulfilling prophecy is an important idea in psychology because it makes that claim that our predictions about the future might actually influence what happens. To be more precise it means that by just believing that something is going to happen in the future then this could actually cause it to happen. The psychological reason for why a self-fulfilling prophecy occurs is due to a positive feedback effect of belief on our behavior. This theory has implications for how humans because it means that we could think ourselves into failure or disaster.

How Does a Self-Fulfilling Prophecy Work?

A self-fulfilling prophecy is not only about our own predictions about the future but on the expectations that other people have on us. If a teacher believes that a child is not very intelligent it could have consequences; their behavior towards the student might actually cause the student to perform badly in school. This is because if other people treat us as if we are stupid we will tend to start behaving this way.

Research has been conducted which supports this idea that the views of the teacher will impact how the students perform. One of the most famous studies of this kind was conducted by Rosental et al (1968); they demonstrated how encouraging teachers to believe that certain students were less intelligent would impact how that student would perform in an exam – this is often referred to as the Pygmalion effect. The implication of all of this is that how influential people like teachers view us may be as important to our success as our actual abilities.

The self-fulfilling prophecy isn’t just about education but can occur in any aspect of life. If we don’t expect certain people to like us then we could cause this to occur because of our own behavior – we might feel that our prediction has been proved but it is actually us that caused it to occur. If we expect to be fired from our job then our behavior consequently could lead us into a situation where this does indeed happen. If we wake up one morning believing that we are going to have an accident then our actions because of this belief could cause an accident to occur. The implications of the self-fulfilling prophecy are endless.

The Importance of Self-Fulfilling Prophecies

An understanding of self-fulfilling prophecies is important if we want to improve our own life and not negatively impact the lives of other people. It shows us the importance of how we should treat other people and warns of us of how our own beliefs can get us into a lot of trouble. It also tells us the importance of not labeling children as less intelligent than others because just believing this could in fact cause it to occur. The idea of self-fulfilling prophecy has also become very important for our understanding of medical conditions both mental and physical; for example, our expectations about pain might have a huge influence on the amount of pain we experience.

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How to Get Diarrhoea?

by Anthony Carter on March 15, 2011

DiarrheaIf you enjoy spending a lot of the day sitting on the toilet then you might see diarrhoea as the perfect excuse for this. Diarrhoea can be really unpleasant and if we are not careful it could even make us dehydrated and very ill. If you do want to experience diarrhoea though there are things you can do to make it more likely to occur.

How to Get Diarrhoea

Here are just a few of the ways that you can make brown liquid flow out of your bottom –

  • Food poisoning is a common way to get diarrhoea. This is usually as a result of bacteria in the food producing toxins which then cause cramps and cause the intestine to produce a lot of water. If you want to get food poisoning then just look for food that hasn’t been prepared and stored properly.
  • Viral gastroenteritis is the most well usual way that we end up with diarrhea. This is caused by a virus so picking it up can be tricky. The best way that we can develop viral gastroenteritis is skin to skin contact with somebody who already has the symptoms; just make sure that you don’t wash your hands after you touch them.
  • E. Coli is the diarrhoea lover’s friend and this is type of poisoning is easiest to pick up when travelling in warm countries where the sanitary conditions aren’t what they should be. E. Coli can last about four days so that’s a lot of time sitting on the toilet. The best way to catch it is by travelling to the tropical parts of the world and eating street food served by somebody who obviously knows nothing about basic hygiene practices. Just make sure that you have a comfortable toilet in your hotel room and enough toilet paper to see you through the next few days.
  • There are certain medications that have been shown to cause diarrhoea and if you are taking these then you will be greatly improving your chances of spending a lot of time in the toilet. Medication like antacids and vitamin supplements that contain a lot of magnesium are a great choice for those who want to develop this problem. Other medications like antibiotics need to be prescribed but when we need them they can be a great way to develop diarrhoea.
  • Alcohol and illegal drug abuse is another great idea if you want to be running to the toilet all the time. In fact some addicts can spend much of their life dealing with diarrhoea and it is a wonder that some of them have time to get high.
  • There are a number of parasites that can cause diarrhoea and all you have to do to welcome these guests into your body is swim around in some contaminated water. It can be difficult to decide what water is contaminated and which isn’t; they don’t advertise it on anything like that. The best advice would be to just jump in any water that looks dirty.

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What are Some Home Remedies for Nasal Congestion?

by Anthony Carter on March 14, 2011

nasal congestionNasal congestion isn’t usually something that we need to worry about too much but it can make life very uncomfortable for a few days. This is something that we nearly all have to deal with once or twice a year. It can make some of us really miserable and the arrival of the first sniffle can be enough to put us in a bad mood. Those of us who have allergies will likely have to deal with nasal congestion even more frequently and this can be a real annoyance.

We might think that this problem is always due to mucus blocking the nasal passage, but it is often inflammation and the fact that there is swelling that is the real problem. There have been a number of home remedies that are believed to help us relieve the symptoms of nasal congestion and we will be examining some of these here.

Home Remedies for Nasal Congestion

There are many remedies for nasal congestion and these can range from the effective to the bizarre. Here are just some of remedies that seem to work well for people; although it should be noted that one remedy might work well for one person but not for another.

  • Vaporizers create a mist that can provide relief from nasal congestion; especially if there is menthol added to the water. There is some debate as to whether this vapor should be hot or cold; some experts claim that either way can be effective.
  • There are many remedies that focus on improving the drainage from the nasal area by way of the sinus cavity. These claims make a lot of sense and this type of remedy can have good results. The easiest way to improve drainage it to press a hot compress on your nose and just under your eyes.
  • Another method that is believed to improve sinus drainage is to press your finger quite firmly between your eyes while touching the roof of your mouth with your tongue.
  • One very old recipe that people claim is great for a blocked nose is basil tea.
  • If you enjoy spicy food then nasal congestion might be a good excuse to indulge in this pleasure. There are many who find relief from their blocked noses by turning to spicy food; you don’t even have to order exotic food as you can just spice up your own dishes with extra black pepper.
  • Normal saline solutions can work well for nasal congestion. This is something that you can buy in a chemist. If you want to get the best effect from this solution then you can either use a spray or have it turned into a mist by a vaporizer.

So there you have just some of the most beneficial home remedies for dealing with nasal congestion. There is a lot to choose from and sometimes it may take a bit of experimentation before you find out what works best for you and provides some temporary relief.

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