Health Not

How Should I Treat a Leg Infection?

If your leg appears to be infected you will want to do something about it. Ignoring the problem can be a huge mistake because even a minor infection can become serious if left untreated. The type of treatment required will always depend on the exact nature of the infection.  It will also depend on whether it is the skin, lymph nodes, or bone that is infected.


Cellulites is the most common type of leg infection. This most often appears in the lower leg, but it can be found elsewhere as well. In a lot of instances this infection will have been caused by bacteria of the streptococcus variety. The cells just below the skin are the ones that tend to get infected and this will be noticeable as pain, inflammation, and hotness. Cellulites will most often occur as a result of a simple cut. This break in the skin does not need to be large for bacteria to get below the surface. Once these germs are there the body launches the inflammatory response to combat them and it is this that causes the symptoms. As well as cellulites infecting the skin it may also infect the lymph nodes as well.

The usual way to treat cellulites is to take antibiotics. This will of course mean a trip to the doctor’s surgery in order to get the medication prescribed. In most instances the inflammation should subside after about a week. Oral antibiotics will usually be enough to deal with the problem but if this doesn’t work it may be necessary to have intravenous antibiotics – this will probably involve a stay in hospital. Doctors will be able to prescribe some other medications to help deal with any discomfort caused by the cellulites.


Osteomyelitis is another condition that is caused by a bacterial infection. This can be far more serious than cellulites because in this instance the bone is infected. The treatment for this condition will almost always involve a stay in hospital. Before any treatment can commence it may be necessary to take a sample of the bone tissue to find out what type of bacteria is responsible for the symptoms. Once the type of bacteria is established it will then be a case of providing the most suitable intravenous antibiotics. If a lot of pus builds up inside the leg it may be necessary for this to be drained.


MRSA infections are on the rise and this is bad news for all of us. This type of infection is notoriously hard to treat because it is resistant to a lot of antibiotics. A simple MRSA infection can develop into something a lot more serious if it is not dealt with. An infection in the skin can develop to infect the bone and blood stream. The usual way to treat this infection is to provide intravenous antibiotics such as Vancomycin – worryingly there is now some bacteria that has grown resistant to this antibiotic as well.

Health Not

What Causes Canker Sores?

Canker sores can be painful and the fact that they appear in the mouth means that they are hard to ignore. Just drinking or eating can lead to an increase in the pain and this takes a lot of enjoyment out of meal times. It is believed that 20% of people will have to deal with these sores at least a few times during their lifetime. These sores are also referred to as aphthous ulcers. They can appear on the tongue, the lips, or the inside of the cheek. Most people will only have or two of these sores at any one time, but they can appear in clusters.

What Causes Canker Sores?

The exact cause of aphthous ulcers is not fully understood. They are believed to occur as a result of a number of different factors including:

  • Certain toothpastes
  • Allergic response to certain oral bacteria
  • Allergies to food
  • Injuries to the inside of the mouth
  • Nutritional deficiencies ( in particular Iron, B12, and Zinc)
  • Weak immune system
  • Infections
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Certain diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease, Celiac disease, HIV, or Behcet’s disease

Those individuals who have a family history of canker sores are more at risk. It is also more likely for these sores to occur in females than males.

How to Treat Canker Sores

When it comes to treating these ulcers there are a number of options available. In most cases they will disappear within a week or so without any intervention, but if they persist then some type of treatment will be required. Mouthwashes that contain steroid dexamethasone can help deal with any inflammation. This type of mouthwash is only available on prescription so a visit to the doctor will be required. It is also possible to take oral medications that will increase the rate of healing and remove some of the more unpleasant symptoms. The doctor may also prescribe nutritional supplements that will remedy any possible deficiencies.

How to Prevent Canker Sores

Aphthous ulcers are a real nuisance so the best way to deal with them is to prevent them arising in the first place. There are a number of things that people can do to stop these sores occurring including:

  • Eating a balanced diet to ensure that there are no nutritional deficiencies
  • Good dental hygiene is important for keeping the mouth clean and this should make the development of these ulcers less likely
  • Take care when brushing your teeth to not cause any trauma to the inside of the mouth
  • Try not to use any toothpaste that contains sodium lauryl sulfate. This ingredient has been associated with the development of this type of ulcer
  • Try to find effective ways for dealing with stress. Techniques such as meditation and yoga are perfect for this. Regular exercise can also be useful for keeping stress levels low
  • If you have any irregular dental surfaces you will want to have these repaired
Health Not

How to Get Dehydrated?

dehydrationIf you quite fancy developing heart palpitations and collapsing to the ground then you might want to get dehydrated. These types of symptoms are something most of us will do our best to avoid, but whatever makes you happy. Just be warned though that dehydration could kill you if you let it go on long enough. We can survive without food for a long time, but we can’t live long without fluids.

What is Dehydration?

Before we go on to explain how to become dehydrated it will be a good idea to define what it is we mean. Dehydration can be described as a situation where there is more water leaving the body then there is going in. Humans are made up of 75% water so this is a situation that causes a lot of problems. We lose water when we sweat and urinate, and we can also lose it when we have diarrhea. We also lose a lot of water by breathing. If we don’t make up for the water we are losing then this will lead to dehydration. The symptoms of this can include:

  • Confusion
  • Muscle cramps
  • Dry mouth
  • Heart palpitations
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Light-headedness
  • Coma
  • Death

As you can see, the symptoms of dehydration can be serious so this is certainly not something normal people will want to encourage.

How to Get Dehydrated

Here are just a few possible ways that you can become dehydrated. This is actually the easiest symptom to develop and a lot of us are frequently dehydrated without even realizing it. Here are a few tips though for those who want to be deliberate about getting dehydrated.

  • Just don’t drink any fluids. This is a foolproof method of becoming dehydrated quickly. You could speed things up by also avoiding some food such as fruit as these contain a lot of water; for instance, the watermelon is almost all water.
  • Exercise until you drop. If you just keep pushing you will sweat a lot and so long as you don’t try to replace this fluid you are running towards dehydration. So throw away your water bottle and just keep on moving until you wake up in hospital.
  • If you develop diabetes then you will be a lot more likely to become dehydrated. This is because sugar in your urine attracts more water to leave the body. You can get type II diabetes by eating the wrong types of food and not exercising.
  • Get diarrhea and you will almost certainly become dehydrated. You can get this symptom by eating bad food or not washing your hands after you’ve been to the toilet. Just remember to pack plenty of toilet paper if you plan to use this method for becoming dehydrated.
  • Anything that can make you vomit will also help bring about dehydration.
  • Get drunk! Even though you are taking in a lot of fluids you actually become dehydrated because alcohol is a diuretic – that means that it makes you pee a lot more.
Health Not

How Do I Choose the Best Inhaler for Bronchitis?

If you are dealing with a bad case of bronchitis it is important to ensure that you are using the right inhaler. Of course, it is the responsibility of your medical team to prescribe, but it is always important that you are able to take part in such decisions that can impact your health so much. It is important to realize though, that not everyone who develops this condition will require an inhaler. In a lot of cases the symptoms will be managed using oral medications. If your symptoms are not helped in this way though, it is likely that you will need to be prescribed an inhaler.

The Importance of Choosing the Right Inhaler for Bronchitis

Most of us will just take breathing for granted; it is not something we need to consciously do so we can just ignore it. It is only when we develop a problem with our breathing that we become more aware of this bodily process. It is then that we realize just vital this simple function is to our survival and how anything that gets in the way of it can seriously impact our ability to enjoy life. Once we have symptoms that make it difficult to breathe we will want to the situation remedied as quickly as possible; inhalers are a type of medication that can greatly help us in this regard.

In bronchitis there is some swelling in the bronchial tubes in our lungs and this interferes with our ability to breathe normally. This swelling may occur because of some type of infection or it may be that we suffer from chronic bronchitis that can be triggered by different pollutants. Once the inflammation is present it leads to shortness of breath and often a wheezing sound when we breathe. It can be unpleasant but in the case of acute bronchitis the condition usually improves in a few weeks.

The Types of Inhalers for Bronchitis

There are a number of different inhalers that may be prescribed for people with bronchitis. The most basic form uses steam to transport the medication into the lung; this steam can be created using a Nebulizer which relies on pressurized oxygen or air to turn the medication into a mist. Another type of inhaler is handheld and sends a metered dose of the drug into the lungs using pressure. There is also a dry powdered inhaler that works by delivering the medication into the lungs on the inhalation.

The dry powdered inhaler is the most widely used because it is so convenient. It is important that anyone using this method ensures that they are holding the inhaler correctly on using the right technique – if not then they will not be getting sufficient medication into their lungs. In hospital it is common to use nebulizers because this can be very effective for getting the medication into the lungs. The nebulizer requires no effort from the patient and it can even be used on people who are unconscious.

Health Not

What is a Synapse?

synapse, receptor, neurotransmitter moleculesA person’s body is controlled by the brain through a system of neurons and synapses. This means that the brain tells neurons what it wants the body to do and through chemical messages and electrical charges the messages is transmitted to the relevant part of the body.

The neurons are, however, not connected together and the messages have to pass through a small gap between the neurons to reach the following neuron. This juncture is called a synapse.

How it works

When a chemical message or electrical charge reaches a neuron, there is a period of time during which the neuron assimilates the message and prepares the necessary chemicals etc. to pass on the message. Once the message is ready to be transmitted, the neuron then releases it into the juncture – the synapse – which then passes it on to the next neuron.

There are millions of the synapses in the human body and they all facilitate the body’s functions at a very rapid speed. It goes so fast that you are not even aware of the process.

It does, however, happen that the synapses are damaged through birth, an accident, chemical use and abuse and age. This is when a person starts experiencing a decrease in the speed with which things can be done. There is some memory loss and limbs don’t move as smoothly as they normally would.

When this happens it means that the neurons are not able to pass the brain’s messages to the various body parts effectively. The synapse is damaged – it may be either too small or too big or even distorted which then prevents the message from passing through it. When this happens the person’s thoughts and movements slow down and it can be a great source of frustration. Conditions like these fall under the jurisdiction of Neurology.


It is vital that a person maintains a healthy body and a healthy mind in order to function normally. Although the body can function with a certain amount of abuse being inflicted on it, the long-term effects of the damage that is done can be devastating.

Some examples of faulty synapses are illnesses like Altzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. Altzheimer’s is about the deterioration of the mind, while Parkinson’s is about the loss of control over one’s limbs. Both are incurable and are progressive to the point of death. Neither of these diseases are necessarily caused by abuse to the body, but there are definitely some things that people can do to prevent its onset or its progression.

When your synapses work well, you will feel and notice the difference in the quality of your life. You will be able to think better, move better, do more and be able to assist others as well. The key is to make sure that you take care of your body and mind and protect these delicate parts of your body that you can’t see but can make such a huge difference in the quality and quantity of your life.

Health Not

How to Develop Oral Thrush

Mouth ThrushIf you like the idea of having your very own fungus growing in your mouth then you might like to develop oral thrush. This condition leads to not so attractive creamy white lesions appearing in your mouth and it may look like you are permanently eating a mouthful of cottage cheese – yummy. The condition can also lead to pain and difficulty swallowing.  In rare cases it can also cause a fever.

A Closer Look at Oral Thrush

We will soon be discussing the good stuff; how to actually get oral thrush. First though, it may be beneficial if we were to look a bit closer at this interesting fungus. It is a type of fungus called candidiasis which can be found normally in different parts of the body. It is usually harmless but if it gets somewhere like the mouth it can begin to cause problems. This fungus is also a type of yeast. That’s the stuff they use to make alcohol in beer, but don’t expect to feel a pleasant buzz if you develop oral thrush.

How to Develop Oral Thrush

There are a number of ways that you can develop oral thrush and we will be examining these here.

  • Antibiotics can upset the balance of microorganisms in the body and lead to the development in oral thrush. Unfortunately in a lot of countries they actually demand that you have something wrong with you before giving you these drugs. This is outrageous but you should still be able to score some antibiotics off sick relatives or friends. You could also move to one of those countries where they will be happy to prescribe antibiotics for the common cold.
  • If you need dentures be sure to get a pair that don’t fit properly. Not only are these a great way to scare young children but they also increase your chances of developing oral thrush.
  • Smoking greatly increases your chances of developing oral thrush so puff away and you will hopefully soon have a mouth full of cottage cheese.
  • If you have poor dental hygiene then you have a much better chance of developing the condition. So throw away your toothbrush and hide that floss in case you are tempted. If the state of your mouth gets too foul you can use mouthwash; this can even be a good thing because it will upset the balance of microorganisms in your mouth thus increasing the chances of developing oral thrush.
  • Eat as much sugar and yeasty food as possible. If you are a fan of beer then you can up your intake. Not only will your breath smell bad from the booze but you will also have a few impressive white lesions.
  • Never allow a dentist anywhere near your mouth.

So there you have just a few suggestions for how you can increase your chances of developing oral thrush. If this is a medical condition that you have always dreamed of getting you will now know what to do.

Health Not

Is There a Cure For Tinnitus?

TinnitusFor those of us who don’t suffer from tinnitus, it’s difficult to imagine the irritation caused by the constant whistling, hissing, whining etc. that tinnitus (Ti-NIGHT-tus) can cause. This is especially true when it is bedtime as tinnitus really thrives on low-noise environments and gets worse with the decrease of background noise. It is a condition suffered by millions of people in the USA and can be treated quite easily. There is, however, not a cure.


Tinnitus is cause by a number of things or factors. One of the primary causes of the hissing noise and hearing loss of the ears is a constant, loud noise. Loud noises are hearing thieves and damage the inner ear to such an extent that it can no longer be treated.

Another factor that can affect hearing and lead to tinnitus is medication. Some medications (including over-the-counter medicines like aspirin) can cause some hearing difficulty when taken in high dosages. It is always advisable to read the insert of the medication for possible side-effects.

A big factor in acquiring tinnitus is lifestyle. Of importance here is how well you look after your body. If you suffer from diseases like high blood pressure or have thyroid problems, this may be the cause of the tinnitus that you’re suffering from. As you treat these conditions, you should also experience a lessening of the tinnitus and considerable relief.

It is therefore very clear that you need to have a regular check-up when you start experiencing the symptoms of tinnitus. Bear in mind that tinnitus is not a disease, merely a symptom in itself of something that is wrong in your body. It could be as simple as built-up wax in your ear to something a little more complex like a heart condition or medication that you’re using. In any case, you should take special care when you do suffer from tinnitus because it can become a great irritant in your life.

Other treatments can include hearing aids that mask the hissing and the whistling. Soft music or a white noise machine can also bring relief if you’re trying to fall asleep. There are many other small lifestyle changes that you can make in order to combat the irritation caused by tinnitus.


Tinnitus is not a killer disease, but it can cause considerable discomfort. If you start hearing a constant hissing in your ears, it’s time to sit up and pay attention. Tinnitus is a way that your body has to tell you that something’s wrong. You need to have your ears checked and tested, but also consider going for a full physical to see if there aren’t any underlying conditions that could be affecting your hearing.

Once you’ve found the cause of the tinnitus, you can then start working on relieving the symptoms by dropping your blood pressure, taking care of your thyroid or changing the medication that you’re taking. Although it can’t be cured, it can certainly be treated.

Health Not

What is the History of Listerine?

listerineListerine’s history goes back 120 years to when it was originally invented as a surgical antiseptic. It was used widely as such and was also given to dentists to use in oral health care. In distilled form the product also served time as a floor cleaner, as well as a cure for gonorrhea.

Later it was developed and sold as a cure for ‘chronic halitosis’ and as such became the first over-the-counter mouthwash that was sold in the United States of America.

From there the sales of Listerine grew and it became a popular consumer product. The two doctors that originally developed the product owned shares in the company that produced the product, but later the one sold out to the other and it all became the property of the Lambert Pharmacal Company.

Later Developments

The Lambert Pharmacal Company merged with Warner-Hudnut in 1955 to form Warner-Lambert which was acquired by Pfizer in 2000.

Listerine was marketed as a cure for colds and sore throats until the mid-1970’s when it was found that these claims were misleading. Warner-Lambert had to stop making the claims, as well as include a notice in all the future marketing that their previous claims were misleading and that there is no proof that the product is indeed good for either colds or sore throats.

It is also documented that there was a time when the company promoted Listerine cigarettes and even marketed it as a remedy for dandruff. This did not last long, but helped the company to keep is brand in the main lights of the industry.

For just on 80 years Listerine could be bought in a glass bottle packed in a corrugated cardboard box. Costs, however, made it impossible for this practice to continue and the product is now available in less costly plastic bottles.

As the years progressed, Listerine added more brands to its stable – the most recent one being Listerine Total Care. Each of the brands addresses a different niche in the market and can be found all over Listerine’s distribution areas. Some of the brands have been developed to be less intense for people with more sensitive teeth and gums. There is also a brand that offers whitening to the mouthwash experience.

Despite the ups and downs in its history, Listerine has emerged as one of the most popular mouthwash brands in the market. It addressed many concerns about oral health and hygiene and has proved to be an effective aid in preventing gum and tooth diseases.

With such a long history, the formula has been tried and tested over many years and its varieties have been applied and developed to produce better brands and products. With this background and the commitment to cleanliness, hygiene and good health, Listerine in sure to build an even better and illustrious history for the product and the eight brands that it now harbors under its wings.

Health Not

How to Develop a Pulmonary Embolism

Pulmonary embolismA pulmonary embolism (called a PE for convenience) is a blood clot on the lung. This type of occurrence is considered a medical emergency and it could easily be fatal. Anyone who would actually choose to have this problem occur would be a very strange person indeed. It takes all sorts though, so here are a few ideas for how you might actually develop a PE.

The Causes of a Pulmonary Embolism

In order to better understand how to develop a PE you will benefit from understanding how they are caused. As we have already mentioned it occurs when a blood clot gets into the lung, but how does it actually get there in the first place? What usually happens is that a blood clot forms elsewhere in the body; usually somewhere like the legs. This is called a Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT); thrombosis is just a fancy way of saying clot. This DVT can travel into the lungs from elsewhere in the body. It can then become stuck in the lungs and causes all sorts of problems.

As you are probably aware the function of the lungs is gas exchange. We breathe in oxygen and breathe out carbon dioxide. In order for everything to work properly it requires that blood has to flow unimpeded. If a nasty clot comes along and blocks this smooth flow then it leads to huge problems. In fact, it could even cause part of the lung to die and that could be fatal to the whole body.

How to Develop a Pulmonary Embolism

If you are still convinced that developing a PE is a good thing then you will benefit from the following suggestions. Of course, if you don’t want to die unpleasantly you can just ignore this advice; or better still you could do the opposite.

  • Take to your bed and try not to move for a few days. This will give blood the chance to collect in areas of your body and if you are lucky a clot will form in your deep veins.
  • Get a job where you spend most of the day sitting at the desk and you will also increase your chances of a DVT.
  • Go on a long plane journey and never leave your seat. You have probably heard of economy class syndrome well this is where people develop a deep vein thrombosis due to prolonged sitting on an airplane.
  • Make sure that you smoke a lot of cigarettes because this has been shown to increase the likelihood of blood clotting. There has never been a better excuse for smoking in bed.
  • Get into an accident where you damage your lower legs. The trauma of this can lead to a clot formation and if that doesn’t work the fact that you are off your feet due to injury might.

So there you have just a few ideas for how to develop a pulmonary embolism. Hopefully you will see sense and not follow any of these suggestions.

Health Not

What is Fibroadenoma?

FibroadenomaFibroadenomas are benign (not cancerous/not dangerous), smooth-edged lumps commonly found in the breasts of women with high estrogen levels. They show up easily on a mammogram and can be distinguished from malignant (cancerous/dangerous) tumors due to their round or oval shapes.

Self examination

From a young age women are taught how to examine their breast for signs of tumors or other abnormalities. Few women respond to this instruction however. They only occasionally examine their breasts and are surprised when they do find an abnormality that requires surgery or any other intervention.


Fibroadenoma generally doesn’t require surgical intervention unless it is causing pain or any other discomfort. Usually the physician will want to do a biopsy to confirm that the tumor is benign and that there is no reason for concern. This is standard practice and there is no reason to feel alarmed if your doctor suggests this.

The biopsy is usually done under anesthetic and isn’t too painful. Should the lump turn out to be benign, you doctor will suggest various avenues of treatment that does not include surgery. This is to prevent undue stress and trauma to you and your body. Surgery is also a very costly affair and the scars that the surgery would leave are unbecoming. Most physicians follow a policy of periodic follow-up visits to monitor the growth of the tumor. Often, the tumor will spontaneously start shrinking and that will be the end of your worries.


Fibroandenoma presents as a solid, round or oval lump in the breast. If you examine your breast by lifting your arm above your head and gently palpating your breast, you will easily distinguish it from other fibrous tissue. It may be tender due to a bit of inflammation, but other than that it should not cause you harm.

However,  although you may suspect that it is a benign growth, you should always get a professional opinion on the matter. Go and see your doctor as soon as possible and have a mammogram done. The sooner that you confirm that it is benign, the sooner you can continue with your normal life. Early detection of anything that could indicate breast cancer increases the chances of effective treatment.

If you’re over the age of 40, it is recommended that you go for an annual mammogram to mnake sure that no malignant growths have formed in your breasts. During this examination, your doctor will also pick up the fibroadenoma quite quickly.

Your health is one of the most important assets that you have. Breast cancer is rife and is deadly if left untreated. Fibroadenoma, however, is benign and should not cause you any undue discomfort or stress. Although it is benign, you should check your breasts regularly for any kind of growth or tumor in order to prevent breast cancer. Don’t be caught napping – treat what needs to be treated and leave good enough alone when possible.

Health Not

What Is Calcium Glycerophosphate?

Calcium glycerylphosphateCalcium is a very important mineral for the maintenance and preservation of a person’s bones and teeth. Without calcium bones tend to deteriorate and become weak and prone to breaking. It has also been found that the lack of calcium in the body is detrimental to dental health leading to an increased incidence of decay, cavities and tooth loss.

It is therefore very important that the right amount of calcium is ingested every day. This is however very difficult to do in today’s modern lifestyle and people have had to turn to vitamin and mineral supplements to make sure that they stay healthy.

Other considerations

One of the problems with the supplements however is that calcium is not easily absorbed into the bloodstream when taken on its own. Often calcium and magnesium are taken together to facilitate the absorption of the calcium. With the advent of calcium glycerophosphate these problems have been successfully addressed. The glycerophosphate is a medium that dramatically increases the absorption rate of the calcium and has a number of other benefits.


Calcium glycerophosphate, or Calcium glycerylphosphate, has the benefit of decreasing the acidity of certain food types. It influences the hydrochloric acid that is found in the stomach as well as the acid in the foods. The results from tests were extremely positive. There is one proviso though: the supplement should not be taken on an ongoing basis. If you have an acid problem and you know that you’re going to be eating acidic foods like tomatoes or drinking coffee, you should take the supplement. It will then help to reduce the effect of all the acid in your body. If you take it on an ongoing basis, there is a good chance that the hydrochloric acid in your stomach can be neutralized to such an extent that you will develop problems with your digestion.

Another benefit of the supplement is that it can help to cure chronic cystitis which is caused by a chronic inflammation of the bladder. Once again it’s the ability to neutralize acid that helps with the treatment of the ailment and it has proved to be very successful.

Finally, the question was raised as to whether the supplement can be used in an attempt to prevent dental disease and cavities. An independent study showed remarkable results in both categories. Phenomenal percentages of improved dental health and the prevention of cavities were reported. It is therefore safe to assume that calcium glycerophosphate is a supplement that can be used with confidence in its reported rate of success.

It is never a good idea to drink any kind of medication or supplement before investigating it properly. Many people have come to harm in this manner and their conditions were not treated effectively. If calcium glycerophosphate is taken in moderation and according to medical specifications, there is no doubt that it will effectively treat the conditions it is being taken for. The benefits certainly are very convincing of its effectiveness.

Health Not

How to Get a Migraine Headache

A migraine headache can put you out of action for days. As well as the feeling that your head is splitting open you may also experience nausea along with sensitivity to light and sound. These unpleasant symptoms can last as long as 72 hours. It seems that only some people are prone to this type of problem so if you are not one of these individuals there is little you can do. If you are prone to migraine attacks though there is a lot you can do to trigger the symptoms.

What is a Migraine?

Before we examine how you can get a migraine it might be useful to look at what it actually is we are referring to. A migraine is caused by an enlargement of blood vessels. This vasodilatation causes nearby nerves to stretch and this is what causes the main symptoms. When the nerves are stretched it leads to the inflammatory response; this inflammation leads to further swelling in the area. The bigger the blood vessels get the more pain and other symptoms are experienced.

There is not much agreement on the actual cause of migraine. It may have something to do with the neurotransmitter serotonin. Three quarters of the adults who get these headaches are females. The distribution of headaches is fairly even between young boys and girls. Studies suggest that there may be some type of genetic component to the problem but more research is needed.

How to Get a Migraine Headache

As we have already mentioned, you will need to be prone to migraine headaches to get them. If you fall into that category then the following triggers have been known to bring them on:

  • A room full of cigarette smoke can bring on a migraine. These days a lot of public bars and restaurants are smoke free so this makes it more of a challenge to find a smoke filled room. You can get around this by asking a few of your smoking friends to drop by to your home and stick them in one room. Give them a couple of hours and when you walk into the room you will have a great migraine producing environment.
  • Stress is another great trigger for migraines. The best advice then is to deliberately make your life as difficult as possible. You should also avoid any type of relaxation that is likely to lower your stress levels.
  • Eating chocolate can trigger this condition so get munching.
  • Some people will get this type of headache if they are around bright and flashing lights. You can set up your own collection of flashing spot lights and just sit in front of them anytime you want to have a migraine. Just be careful with the bright lights though because they can also blind you if you are not careful.
  • Monosodium glutamate (MSG) also has a reputation for being a good trigger for these symptoms. If you love Asian food then you will find that there is plenty of MSG used in these dishes – tuck in.
Health Not

What Is Sundowners Syndrome?

Sundowners SyndromeSome individuals with certain types of dementia can become more confused at certain times of the day. The most common form of this is sundowners syndrome where people become increasingly confused late in the day. This symptom usually occurs during the early stages of dementia. It can sometimes be described as a sleep problem or a mood disorder. Although it is called sundowners syndrome the change in mood can become noticeable in the afternoon. There are a number of theories about why this syndrome occurs, but there is no definitive explanation.

Living with Sundowners Syndrome

Sundowners syndrome can be distressing for the individual who experiences it and to those around them. As the day goes on the person will become increasingly confused and agitated. It can be almost impossible to reason with them and they may even become aggressive. If there is a lot of stimulation in the environment it can exacerbate the symptoms a lot; this is why evening times can be particularly hard for those working in nursing homes. The care givers looking after people with this syndrome need to become skilled at defusing any agitation and ensuring that the individual, and those around them, remain safe.

The Causes of Sundowners Syndrome

As we have already mentioned, there is some debate as to the exact cause of these symptoms. There are some who claim that it is due to a malfunctioning internal body clock; the individual gets confused by the visual clues in their environment telling them that it is one time while their body is telling them something else. Another theory sees the condition as due to the cognitive functions becoming overwhelmed as the day reaches its end. The stress of thinking all day finally catches up with them and this leads to increased confusion. There is also the possibility that it may be due to drug interactions.

The Treatment of Sundowners Syndrome

The treatment for sundowners syndrome will always depend on its cause. If it is occurring due to a side effect of medications then these may need to be altered. If the person is depressed then this could be causing the symptoms and so treating the depression will ease the confusion. There are also options for using drugs that can increase cognitive function so that the individual is better able to deal with their thoughts. It is also possible to play around with the individual’s environment so as to lower the amount of mental stimulation. Encouraging naps throughout the day can also be a great help because that way the person will not suffer the constant build up of mental stress as they get tired.

Sundowner’s syndrome is a distressing symptom that can make life difficult for the sufferer and those taking care of them. Luckily there are usually treatments available to deal with the problem. Sometimes the exact cause will be hard to fathom and it can take a bit of experimentation to decide on the best way to get a handle on things.

Health Not

What is Behavior Therapy?

Many people in society will exhibit undesirable behaviors such as addiction or other types of abuse. According to behavioral therapists people learn to behave the way they do. If this is so then it means that they should be able to unlearn it too. Behavior modification therapy then is an intervention aimed at changing people’s maladaptive behavior. It is now commonly used by many therapists around the world and this technique has proven to be quite successful. It can be used to help both adults and children.

The Theory behind Behavior Therapy

Behavior therapy is strongly influenced by the work of a scientist called Ivan Pavlov. His theory of classical conditioning described how people could be encouraged to exhibit certain behaviors. He did this by studying the production of saliva in dogs. It is expected that animals will salivate when eating, but he conditioned them to exhibit this behavior without even receiving any food. He proved that it was possible to change the behavior of others. Later work investigated the role of reward and punishment in producing certain behaviors.

Behavior modification can use many different tools to create change. For instance a token economy can work well with children. Here they will be rewarded with tokens for exhibiting good behavior. They can later use these tokens to buy things with. Another popular example of behavior modification therapy is aversion therapy. Here the individual is punished for exhibiting certain behaviors.

An Example of Behavior Modification Therapy

The early work on conditioning later developed to different therapies to treat maladaptive behaviors. A good example of this would be treatments to treat alcoholism or drug abuse. The client can be encouraged to use techniques such as relaxation and aversion to discourage drinking. So if they have the urge to drink they may be asked to think of something really unpleasant. It is also possible to use aversion therapy involving drugs or electric shocks.

The most common form of aversion therapy for alcoholics is Antabuse. This drug causes the individual to become very ill if they drink while on it. In fact the effects are so extreme that the person may feel that they are dying. This negative response to drinking acts as a push to change behavior. Even if the individual does decide to drink on the drug they will then begin to associate using alcohol with feeling very sick. That way they will be conditioned into changing their behavior.

Behavior modification therapy is usually combined with other therapies to increase its effectiveness. For example cognitive-behavioral techniques will involve examining thinking as well as behavior. This approach can reduce the time needed to treat maladaptive behavior. When treating problems like addiction or compulsive behavior it is usually recommended that a variety of methods are used together.

The amount of behavior therapy that an individual will require will always depend on the nature of their problem. Some behaviors can be very hard to remove and so will take intensive therapy over a long period. Other problems can be dealt with in much shorter periods of time.

Health Not

How to Get Jock Itch

If you are looking for an excuse to be constantly touching your private parts in public then jock itch could do the trick. This malady not only produces a bright red rash on your groin area but also produces and almost unbearable itch. Just be warned though, if you spend too much time touching this part of your body people will talk; you could even end up being arrested for indecency.  If you are determined to get jock itch though then the following advice should help you.

What is Jock Itch?

Before we get to the interesting stuff about how to get jock itch it may be helpful to explain a bit more about what this is. When we talk about jock itch we mean a type of skin condition that is found exclusively in men. The rash will usually appear on the groin area but it can also be found on the inner thighs and your actual genitals. The rash can be caused by some type of fungus or it may just be due to abrasion for clothing or other material. If the problem gets particularly bad then you can develop scale like skin around the area.

How to Get Jock Itch

Now that you know a bit more about what we are talking about you will probably be ready to find out about how to get it. Luckily there are many causes of this problem and you should have no difficulty developing it if you want to.

  • Make sure that you wear really tight clothing around your groin area. You want material that is so tight that it will trap sweat. You also want it so that this clothing is rubbing against your skin like sandpaper. If you follow this advice you may be able to enjoy your jock itch within a few hours without having to do anything more.
  • If you are overweight then you will greatly increase your chances of developing this problem. Not only because it will be harder to find clothes that aren’t tight but because you will have a few fat folds to provide a bit more friction.
  • You will want to keep the area around your groin as moist as possible. I’m not suggesting here that you actively wet yourself; just allowing sweat to build up will do just fine. If you are keen to speed the process up though you could spray a bit of water down there.
  • If you have fungal infections elsewhere on your body then you will increase your chances of getting fungal jock itch. Make sure that you don’t wash your hands after touching your fungal infections and give your groin area a good rub.
  • If you are exercising then make sure you wear tight clothing around the groin area. Don’t shower at the end of the fitness session but instead give the sweat the chance to do its magic.
  • Be sure to eat a poor diet as this will weaken your immune system and make you more susceptible to this type of problem.