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What Are The Differences Between Neurotic And Psychotic?

Two mental health terms that tend to get used a lot are neurotic and psychotic. Although these words tend to be mentioned a lot there can be a bit of confusion as to what they actually mean. It is the aim of this article to clear up some of the confusion in this regard.

What Does Neurotic Mean?

To say that somebody is neurotic means that they react strongly to things that happen in their lives. The behaviour of the individual in reaction to stressors can be unusual, but not so much that it would be considered socially unacceptable. The symptoms of a neurosis (cardiac neurosis, combat neurosis, war neurosis, depressive neurosis, etc.) are not extreme enough to get in the way of normal living. The person with a neurosis will not suffer from hallucinations or delusions. There are many examples of neurotic behavior including:

  • Hysteria
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Fear of crowds
  • Fear of speaking in public
  • Phobias
  • Perfectionism
  • Dependency

It is believed that every human on the planet will suffer from at least some type of neurosis form time to time. It is only when these symptoms become extreme that they are characterized as unusual.

What Does Psychotic Mean?

If somebody has a psychosis they will have far more serious symptoms than the individual who is neurotic. With this type of mental health condition the individual will have lost at least some contact with reality. The thoughts, judgement, and perception of the individual with a psychosis will be impaired by their symptoms. Some of the most common symptoms of psychosis include:

  • Visual and audible hallucinations (there may even be hallucinations involve other senses including taste)
  • False beliefs
  • Paranoia
  • Lack of ability to distinguish between reality and make believe
  • Confusion
  • Talking in a way that doesn’t make much sense
  • Inability to follow logical thought
  • Distortions to memory
  • Personality changes
  • Mood swings
  • Inability to sleep
  • Excitability

The individual who is dealing with psychotic symptoms may only have them for a short period of time. Once the cause is remedied there may not be any further episodes. In some cases it will indicate that the individual is suffering from some type of metal disease. A psychotic episode can also occur for other reasons such as:

  • A reaction to prescribed medication
  • Illegal drug use
  • Excessive alcohol intake
  • A reaction to extreme stress or trauma
  • Lack of sleep
  • Poor nutrition

Treatment for Psychosis and Neurosis

Generally speaking psychosis is a far more serious condition than neurosis but both can negatively impact the life of the individual. If the neurosis is severe then it is likely that the person will require some type of treatment. If a person is having a psychotic episode they will require urgent help. Such people may be at risk of harming themselves or other people and so will need to be managed properly. More on neurology, visit our sister blog: Neurological Blog.

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How to Have a Heart Attack?

heart attack illustratedThere are few things more serious than a heart attack. If you are feeling a bit unnoticed then having a heart attack is sure to make you the centre of attention – assuming you don’t die right away. If this is something that you’ve always wanted to experience for yourself then just read on. By the end of this article you should have all the information you need. Of course, if you want to avoid having a heart attack you could do the opposite of what is suggested here.

What is a Heart Attack?

It probably makes sense to first define what we mean by a heart attack. In doctor talk it is actually referred to as a ‘myocardial infarction’ or MI if you like abbreviations. What happens is that blood cannot get to a part of the heart muscle and so that area dies. This means that the heart is unable to function properly. If enough of the heart is destroyed it will mean death for the person having the heart attack. In the US there are well over a million people who suffer a heart attack each year; almost half of these people will die because of it.

How to Get a Heart Attack

What follows are just a few of the ways that you can increase your risk of developing a heart attack:

  • Lead a sedentary lifestyle where you spend most of the time sitting around watching TV or working on the computer. This will help ensure that you have high cholesterol and suffer from obesity.  It should also help ensure that you have high blood pressure. Those people who exercise regularly greatly reduce their risk of a heart attack.
  • If you smoke cigarettes you should keep up the good work. This habit damages the walls of blood vessels and so this should mean that you are an accident waiting to happen. Damaged blood vessels are great because they allow cholesterol to collect there; it should only be a matter of time before you visit heart attack city.
  • Be sure to eat a lot more calories than you need. That way you will become obese and greatly increase your chances of having an MI.
  • Eating the wrong food should also increase your chances of developing diabetes which is a powerful risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
  • Add as much stress to your life as you possibly can. Maybe you could have an affair with your next door neighbor or try to deliberately annoy your boss? Nervous tension should put your blood pressure in the high zone and this is where you want it to be if you want a heart attack.
  • Develop a taste for illegal drugs; especially stimulants like crack cocaine or speed. These substances are the equivalent of taking a sledgehammer to your heart so it is probably only a matter of time before you wake up in intensive care – assuming you do wake up.
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What are Psychotropic Drugs?

Psychotropic pillsPsychotropic drugs are widely used in the treatment of different medical disorders. They are also used for recreational purposes – usually illegally. This type of medication temporarily alters brain functioning through its affect on the central nervous system. Psychotropic substances are also sometimes referred to as psychoactive.

Types of Psychotropic Drugs

Psychoactive drugs include a wide range of substances including:


It is possible to break all psychoactive drugs into four main varieties; antipsychotics, hallucinogens, stimulants, and depressants. It is possible for individual drugs to fall into more than one category. A good example of this would be marijuana that could be classified as a hallucinogen, depressant, or a stimulant.  The categories are only really for convenience sake.

Medical Uses of Psychotropic Drugs

There is little doubt that psychotropic drugs are very useful in the treatment of different physical and mental conditions. They have improved the quality of life for many individuals who would otherwise struggle in life. Here are just a few of the possible medical uses for psychoactive drugs

  • Treatment for depression
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Schizophrenia
  • Pain control
  • Insomnia
  • Treatment for mania
  • Managing withdrawal symptoms
  • Managing psychosis
  • Relaxation prior to surgery
  • To help people cope with grief

The above is just the tip of the ice-berg when it comes to the medical uses of this type of drug.

Recreational Uses of Psychotropic Drugs

Almost every human will try use psychotropic drugs occasionally. Our favourite beverages will usually contain caffeine and drinking alcohol is very much part of our culture. There are also the illegal psychoactive substances such as heroin, cocaine, LSD, and marijuana that people will turn to for recreational purposes. It can be very tempting to try these different drugs because they alter the way the mind works. These substances can produce feelings of euphoria and well being. Those individuals who find life difficult to manage can find release in these medications.

All psychotropic drugs have the potential to cause addiction. When people develop a chemical dependence on a substance it can completely take over their life. They will lose friends, family, and possessions. They become so dependent on these substances that they develop physical withdrawal symptoms should they ever try to stop. This not only makes the life of the addict a living hell but also everyone around them; especially family and friends.

Some Final Thoughts of Psychotropic Drugs

Psychoactive substances have been around since the dawn of time. People have used these drugs to benefit their lives and to cause themselves harm. It is likely that this sometimes uneasy relationship with the drug will continue to exist well into the future. It is hard to imagine how we would manage without the medical benefits of these substances. Hopefully in the future we will learn to be better deal with the dangers associated with these drugs.

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What are Symptoms of Alcohol Withdrawal?

Once an individual becomes chemically dependent on alcohol they will experience withdrawal symptoms should their blood alcohol level fall low enough. This may occur because they have left it too long between drinks or because they are trying to give up. Most alcoholics will actually be in withdrawals most mornings because their blood alcohol level has fallen overnight. This is why they will feel the need for an alcoholic drink first thing in the morning so that they are able to function. The symptoms of withdrawals can be mild or severe depending on the extent of the addiction. Some individuals have symptoms that are so severe that they because of it.

What Causes Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms

Alcohol is a toxin that can cause a lot of damage to the body. The human body is an amazing machine though and it is able to adapt to the ingestion of large amounts of alcohol. In fact it adapts to the situation so well that it becomes dependent on having alcohol in the system. If the level of alcohol in the blood stream falls too low the body is now no longer able to function properly. It is this that causes the alcohol withdrawal symptoms. If the individual has reached a stage where their body has adapted to alcohol they are referred to as dependent or addicted.

Typically Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms

Anyone who is physically dependent on alcohol will experience withdrawal symptoms should they try to stop. Such symptoms include –

  • Anxiety
  • Tremors
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Body aches
  • Hallucinations
  • Sweating
  • Cardiovascular changes
  • Insomnia
  • Loss of appetite
  • Mood changes
  • Depression and possibly suicidal thoughts
  • Diarrhoea
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Flu like symptoms
  • Deep cravings for alcohol
  • Agitation

Severe Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms

If the alcoholic has been chronically abusing alcohol for over a decade they are at risk of developing severe withdrawal symptoms known as delirium tremens or the DTs. These symptoms can include –

  • Vivid visual and audio hallucinations
  • Changes to heart rate, blood pressure, and respiratory rate
  • Extreme agitation and anxiety
  • Seizures
  • Coma
  • Death

Many long term alcoholics may also have developed wet brain (alcoholic dementia). These symptoms may become more apparent once the individual has come off the booze. The alcoholic with wet brain may never regain full mental functioning. Symptoms can include –

  • Loss of the ability to form new memories
  • Loss of recent memories
  • Inability to distinguish between reality and fantasy
  • Changes to physical coordination

The symptoms of alcohol withdrawal can be extremely unpleasant. It is therefore often necessary that people are medically supervised while going through them. This is particularly important if the individual is likely to develop delirium tremens. Severe withdrawal symptoms can quickly progress to death if they are not monitored correctly. Those individuals who are only likely to experience mild withdrawals are usually able to do this without medical supervision.

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How to Get Peptic Ulcers

Peptic ulcersIf you have a peptic ulcer it could mean that you live life hard and with abandon. This is the type of reputation that a lot of people envy, and so just having a peptic ulcer could give you a bit of street cred. On the other hand, there are many people who view ulcers as just being caused by doing all the wrong things and reaping the rewards. Don’t worry about these negative people though, if you want a peptic ulcer you shouldn’t have to justify your reasons to anyone. Just be warned that this can be a painful condition that can make life a bit unbearable.  If you are a real tough person this won’t put you off at all.

So what is a Peptic Ulcer?

Before we move onto the tips for getting this type of ulcer it might be worth finding out a bit more about what it actually is. In basic terms it is an area of damage inner lining of the stomach; although it can also occur in the duodenum or oesophagus. This damage is usually caused by inflammation which can be triggered by a number of different things. The most common symptoms associated with peptic ulcer include:

  • Intense pain that often starts about 3 hours after you have eating your last meal
  • A loss of appetite which is likely to lead to a fall in body weight
  • A feeling of fullness in the abdominal area
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Dark blood in your stool – tarry looking poo
  • Vomiting up blood

How to Get Peptic Ulcers

Now that you know what peptic ulcers are we can finally move onto how to get them. Here are just a few of the most effective techniques.

  • Become as stressed as possible and stay like this most of the time. Chronic stress is to peptic ulcers what booze is to drunkenness – you really can’t get enough of it. You can create a lot of stress in your life by being unproductive at work and feckless in your relationships. If this isn’t enough to bring along an ulcer you could always try substance abuse or crime.
  • Smoking cigarettes is also great for bringing on peptic ulcers. Another benefit of smoking is that it will slow down the healing of any ulcer you develop. You really can’t go wrong with cigarettes if your goal is to be unwell.
  • Alcohol and caffeine are two other substances that are wonderful for creating damage to the stomach. These two substances are toxic so it is hardly surprising that they can cause such havoc. The advice then is to ensure that during all your waking hours you have either an alcoholic drink or a cup of coffee attached to your arm.
  • Drugs like Aspin are also good for encouraging ulcers. Try to always consume these on an empty stomach so as to increase the potential for damage to your stomach lining.


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How can I Lose a Beer Belly?

beer bellyLet’s face it, a beer belly is not very attractive. It is also something that could be detrimental to your health because it is the sign that you have accumulated a lot of fat. You are increasing your risk of many diseases including cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Some of us also find it a bit embarrassing to be carrying around such an obvious sign of our overindulgence. Luckily there are things we can do to get rid of this extra fat.

What Causes a Beer Belly?

The cause of a beer belly is quite simple really. Alcohol contains a lot of empty calories. During a night on the town an individual may drink as much in calories as it is healthy for them to eat in a full day. So when you combine the empty calories of alcohol with the calories from food it is easy to see why people will start to pile on the pounds. Young people can get away with drinking a lot because their metabolisms tend to be fast. It is usually when we hit middle age that the beer belly really becomes a problem for us.

How to Lose a Beer Belly

Here are just a few tips for how you can lose a beer belly. Remember that these are things you will need to do long-term in order to see results. It is always better to make life changes rather than looking for a quick fix – that way the loss of your beer belly will be permanent. Here are just a few tips for how to lose your beer belly.

  • Give up or reduce your intake of beer. This is the easiest way to lose those extra calories that are coming from alcohol. You could also try switching to light beers. If you are going to drink make sure to keep an eye on the calories. The problem with replacing food with alcohol though is that the booze has no nutritional value.
  • Exercise most days. This should be of the cardiovascular variety and you should do at least 30 minutes a day. If you have a desk job you need to exercise a lot more of this. You could also try a stand-up desk so that you burn more calories.
  • Build up muscle because this will mean that your body burns more calories. If you have a lot of muscle it not only replaces fat but it helps to keep your weight in check. Just be warned though that in the beginning your weight will increase; this is because muscle is heavier than fat.
  • Eat small meals every 3 hours. This ensures that your digestive system is working all the time. Avoid large meals; especially late in the day.
  • Avoid eating carbohydrates before going to bed.
  • Drink water in between every alcoholic drink. This should help you slow down your rate of alcohol consumption so that you will drink less beer over the course of a night.
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What Are Symptoms of Caffeine Withdrawal?

Many people don’t pay it much attention but caffeine is actually a very addictive substance. It is only when people try to give up something like coffee that they find out what a hard habit it can be to break. Coffee addiction leads to psychological symptoms in withdrawal. The symptoms are not life threatening but they can make for an unpleasant few days. It is believed that as many as one in eight coffee drinkers will develop withdrawal symptoms should they stop.

What Causes Caffeine Withdrawal?

The wonderful thing about the body is that it is great at adapting to things. This can also be bad though because sometimes the body adapts so well that it struggles when things return to normal. Caffeine is toxic to the body so it copes by learning to deal with it. The body learns to function with this drug in the system and after a bit of time it can start to depend on it. If this drug is suddenly withdrawn then it can leave the body in a bit of confusion. It is this that causes the symptoms of withdrawals. Reducing the amount of caffeine slowly over time can prevent symptoms from occurring. The problem is that it can be a lot harder to give up coffee this way. In a lot of instances the best option will be a clean break and to just live with the symptoms.

The Symptoms of Caffeine Withdrawal

The symptoms of caffeine withdrawal will vary greatly between different individuals. Some people hardly experience any symptoms while for others they can be quite intense. Here are just some of the symptoms that you may have to deal with:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Some people who give up coffee can experience mild to strong headaches. These can be uncomfortable but they will disappear after a few days.
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Irritability and agitation
  • Anxiety
  • Inability to get to sleep at night
  • Some people may find that they become constipated. This is because coffee triggers bowel movements. This will get better after a few days as the body re-adapts.
  • Stiffness in muscles
  • Slight depression
  • A feeling of  tiredness and lack of enthusiasm to do anything
  • Symptoms that could best be described as flu-like

The symptoms of caffeine withdrawal will usually begin about 12-24 hours after your last dose of coffee. They will get milder after about five days and should have disappeared altogether within nine days.

Some Final Thoughts about Caffeine Withdrawal

Caffeine is toxic and in excess it can be responsible for many health problems. It is always a good idea to give coffee and other caffeinated drinks up if you use them too much. The withdrawals symptoms may be a bit unpleasant but the health rewards will more than make up for this. By just dealing with a few days of discomfort you could be adding a lot of time onto your lifespan and improving the quality of your life into the bargain.

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How to Be Depressed?

depressedIf you have always wondered about what it feels like to be depressed then this might be the perfect article for you. If you search the web you will find millions of articles on depression prevention, but there is hardly any information aimed at those who actually want to develop this mental health problem. It is the aim of this article to rectify that situation in the name of fairness. Of course, the question that begs to be answered as to why anyone would want to have such a life destroying condition, but who are we to judge.

What is Depression?

Before we go on to the things you need to do to be depressed it will probably be helpful to describe what it actually involves. This is a mental health problem where people feel like they are caught in a black hole. Typical symptoms include:

  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Loss of interest in life
  • Loss of appetite
  • Self-hatred
  • Lack of energy
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Body pains with no obvious cause
  • Irritability
  • Restlessness
  • Insomnia
  • Feelings of hopelessness and impending doom

If you are experiencing these symptoms then there is a really good chance that you are already depressed. If not then there are some things that you can do to develop depression.

How to Get Depressed

Here are just a few suggestions for how to get depressed:

  • Alcohol and drug abuse is a superb way to develop depression. The great thing about addiction is that in the beginning it seems to give you wings to fly; later though it takes away the sky. Not only do the physical effects of substance abuse cause changes in your brain to make you depressed, but also it destroys your life. As you lose friends, family, possessions and your career to addiction you will have plenty of good reasons to feel depressed. This makes addiction the most effective means for developing depression.
  • Another great way to encourage the arrival of depression is to put a lot of stress into your relationships. You can do this by treating your partner badly and by being a bad provider. If you have followed suggestion one and developed an addiction you will already be well on your way to putting sufficient stress into your relationships. You could then hit the tipping point by having a few extramarital affairs and getting caught. This should produce enough stress in your relationship to drive even a Zen master into depression.
  • Loneliness is a great friend to depression so try to be a loner as much as possible. Friends are overrated anyway. Spend your time alone and you should find that the symptoms of depression begin to appear in your life.
  • One of the other major reasons for depression is chronic unemployment. It is easy to make yourself unemployable; all you have to do is demonstrate a lack of interest in work. If somebody is stupid enough to offer you a job make sure to be as unproductive as possible. That way you will not only lose the job but they will also give you a bad reference.
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What are Quaaludes or Methaqualone?

Quaaludes or MethaqualoneQuaaludes are a type of depressant that is used to help people deal with insomnia or high states of anxiety. This is a drug that has also been used illegally for recreational purposes. This drug is actually called Methaqualone, but it has become common to refer to it as Quaaludes. It is similar to barbiturates in how it works and the effects it creates.

Why Do People Take Quaaludes?

There are medical and non-medical reasons for why people might take Quaaludes. It is an effective tool for dealing with certain anxiety states and for curing sleep problems. The drug has a calming effect that slows down the central nervous system. Since the 1970s there have also been a lot of people who like to take it for non-medicinal purposes. This is because the drug creates feelings of clam and relaxation as well as euphoria. It is a way that people can temporarily escape their problems. The problem is that this type of drug abuse can easily lead to addiction problems. Here the individual will become obsessed with the drug and it can begin to take over their life.

Fall in Popularity of Quaaludes

Although the demand for Quaaludes as a recreational drug remains high it is now rarely prescribed. This is because it has been decided in places like the US that the addictive potential of this drug outweighs any possible benefits of using it. In 1984 the drug was taken off the market, but it is still available in certain parts of the world. This means that the drug is still able to end up on the streets where people can purchase it for recreational use.

The Dangers of Quaaludes

There are a number of dangers associated with the use of Methaqualone including:

  • Addiction
  • People develop tolerance to the drug which means they have to use more of it to get the same effect.
  • Overdoes is a real danger and this could lead to death
  • People will experience withdrawal symptoms should the drug be stopped
  • People become willing to break the law in order to get their hands on the drug
  • Chronic use can damage body organs
  • It can lead to other forms of drug abuse
  • It can cause depression and other forms of mental illness

Quaaludes in the Future

There are now many other alternative treatments for problems like anxiety and insomnia. This means that there should never be a need to use Methaqualone again for medical reasons. Hopefully it will eventually be unavailable all around the world and this will mean that it will be less likely to fall into the hands of those who abused it. This drug may have helped people in the past, but there are now other alternatives that may be more effective. It would seem likely then that Quaaludes may soon become a thing of the past.   Of course these other drugs may be just as likely to lead to addiction so care must always be taken to avoid this.

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What Is Euthanasia (Arguments & Counter-arguments)?

euthanasiaEuthanasia is a fiercely debated topic that most people will have a view about. It involves the right of people who are terminally ill to die. This is usually done using a lethal injection. This is an extremely emotional topic because it involves legal, ethical, and religious considerations. Sick and injured animals are commonly ‘put to sleep’ and this is viewed as an act of mercy. When it comes to humans though, the same argument is not always as convincing; what one person may view as a mercy killing another may view as murder.

The Case against Euthanasia

There are many convincing arguments against euthanasia including:

  • Where there is life there is hope. A miracle cure may be found in the future for conditions that now seem hopeless. There is also variation with how these terminal diseases progress. Some individuals may lose out on many good days in the future because of their decision to die.
  • Nobody should be given the power to decide when others live and die. Euthanasia is impossible to manage practically because there is nobody morally able to make such a decision. If doctors are allowed to make such decisions it gives them too much power over human lives.
  • By allowing euthanasia it makes other forms of suicide more acceptable – this could be a slippery slope.
  • Many religions view suicide as a sin.
  • Hospitals may decide that euthanasia is more cost effective then long-term palliative care. There may be attempts to persuade patients to choose this option.
  • If euthanasia becomes an acceptable way to treat terminal illness there will be less motivation to search for cures.
  • Medical professionals have a duty to save lives and not to end them.
  • It would be relatively easy for murder to occur but for it to be covered up as euthanasia.

The Case for Euthanasia

There are also compelling arguments that support the case for euthanasia:

  • Suffering is bad and people should not be made to go through this if there is unlikely to be any improvement in the future. We wouldn’t do it to a dog so why is it acceptable to put a human through such misery.
  • People have a human right to autonomy. This means that they should be allowed to make decisions about when they die.
  • Keeping people alive when there is no hope is just a waste of resources. This is particular true when the individual does not even want to be alive.
  • Just knowing that there is a way out of their suffering will be enough to encourage a lot of terminally ill people to keep going. They will have comfort in knowing that they can end things should it get too bad. Many terminally ill people commit suicide because of fear about what is going to happen; not what is actually happening at the time.
  • Euthanasia may mean that the family of the individual is spared a lot of hardship.
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How to Get Alcoholic Liver Disease

what does cirrhosis liver look like?If you are planning to develop alcoholic liver disease then you may believe that you have all the information you need. After all, how hard can it be? Just drink enough booze to become an alcoholic and then wait for the liver problems to begin. While this might all seem very obvious, things aren’t quite as simple as they first appear. Not all alcoholics will die of liver disease; in a lot of cases this will be because something else kills them first. If you want to be sure of developing the condition you will benefit from a few tips. First of all it might be helpful for us to look a bit closer at this disease.

What is Alcoholic Liver Disease?

It may come as a surprise to learn but it isn’t really excessive alcohol that causes liver disease – at least not directly anyway. The real problem is that alcoholics also develop certain nutritional deficiencies and it is this that causes the real damage. When you drink your life away there isn’t much time for eating and must heavy drinkers won’t be too concerned with a balanced diet.

Over time these nutritional deficiencies lead to scarring on the liver. Once this scarring covers over half of the organ it is called cirrhosis and it becomes a chronic condition. The liver can recover from a bit of scarring, but once most of the liver is damaged it is too late. All this scarring means that the organ can no longer function. This is bad news because the liver performs many vital functions. As things progress the individual becomes very ill because toxins can no longer be properly removed from the body. Unless that person can get a liver transplant or he or she will die.

How to Get Alcoholic Liver Disease

Now that we know a bit more about alcoholic liver disease we can be better able to understand the things that will help us develop the condition.

  • Drink as much alcohol as you can every day. Start as soon as you wake up in the morning and don’t stop until you pass out. If you do this for a few weeks you will develop a physical addiction and be well on your way to alcoholic liver disease. Of course you don’t really even have to drink that much; just keep drinking above the recommended levels of 21 units of alcohol a week.
  • Try to get most of your calories every day from alcohol. This will replace your meals and ensure that you develop nutritional deficiencies. It will be this that will give your liver a good pounding.
  • Keep away from nutritional supplements as these can undo your good work produced by skipping meals – look at these in the same way as a vampire does garlic.
  • Try to stay alive long enough to develop alcohol liver disease. This can be difficult because excessive alcohol use damages almost every organ in the body and puts you more at risk of accidents and violence.
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How Can I Help My Hyperactive Child?

hyperactive childIf your child is hyperactive it can lead to all sorts of problems at home. Most children will have periods where their behavior is a problem, but children with hyperactivity can be a particular challenge. The stress and physical effort of dealing with a child like this can take its toll, but the good news is that there are some good methods for dealing with the situation. In fact many of the techniques used for keeping other kids out of trouble will work well for hyperactive children as well.

What Do We Mean by a Hyperactive Child?

When we say that a child is hyperactive it means that they are full of energy and always on the go. Such kids never seem to get tired and if you take your eye off them for even a couple of minutes they might end up in all kinds of mischief. In some cases there may be an underlying condition for this type of behavior. This could be something like a learning difficulty or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Some kids just seem to have been born full of beans as part of their personality.

Tips for Dealing with Hyperactive Children

Here are just a few potential ways that you can deal with a hyperactive child.

  • If the child is misbehaving then they need to know that there will be consequences of this. These punishments need to be consistent or the child will be confused about the boundaries. It is especially important to be strict about consequences when the behavior is particularly unacceptable; for instance, hitting or biting other children. Typical punishments include taking away toys or TV privileges.
  • A token economy can work well with hyperactive children. This is where they get rewards for good behavior. If the child behaves well then they can be given a sticker or token. They will then be later able to exchange these tokens for rewards such as toys or snacks. Just seeing stickers accumulate on a poster can be enough reward for most young children.
  • Structure is vital when it comes to controlling hyperactive children. If their routine is always changing then this will make it impossible for them to gain stability. Once the routine of the day is clear it is far easier to fit in with it.
  • Parents should avoid getting outwardly upset with their hyperactive child. They can feed of high emotions and this will only fuel their bad behavior. It is understandable that parents get upset sometimes but outbursts of anger should be avoided. It is probably advisable that parents take a breather if they feel they are about to lose their temper.
  • Hyperactive kids have a lot of energy and they need a way to expel this. This means that regular exercise breaks are a must. Getting outdoors and kicking a ball around can be a great way for children to burn off some of their excess energy. Keeping them locked up inside all day is definitely the wrong way to go.
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What is Bright’s Disease?

bright's diseaseBright’s disease is a medical term that doesn’t get used very much nowadays. If your doctor tells you that you have Bright’s disease you should be worried – it means that their medical knowledge is at least a century out of date. This was how we once referred to a number of types of kidney disease. These days we are far more likely to refer to these conditions as acute or chronic nephritis. Although this condition no longer exists it is interesting to learn a bit more about it.

Bright’s disease got its name from a much respected English physician called Richard Bright. He gave the condition its name back in 1827, but our understanding of kidney disease has increased greatly since that time. At the time a number of different conditions all fell under this category, but we know are able to distinguish between them.

The Causes of Bright’s Disease

This condition is most often caused by bilateral kidney stones. The fact that these stones appear may be evidence of some underlying kidney problem. The stones are made from a type of salt and nutritional deficiencies may be one of the reasons they appear – in particular lack of vitamin D (more). It is also believed that certain foods increase the likelihood of these stones forming. When these stones form in the kidney they can cause a lot of mischief. They increase pressure in the organ and can interfere with the normal flow of urine. Anything that makes it hard for the body to eliminate waste products is dangerous.

The Symptoms of Bright’s Disease

Bright’s disease included a number of different symptoms including:

  • Intense pain in the lower back and sides
  • Swollen extremities
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Water retention and signs of edema
  • Shortness of breath due to accumulation of fluids on the lung
  • Dark, cloudy, or bloody urine
  • Testicular pain
  • High blood pressure

Even though the condition called Bright’s disease was identified in the early nineteenth century it was a long time before a successful treatment was discovered. The symptoms of this disease were serious and it was usual for patients to die. The most popular treatment at the time of Dr. Bright was bloodletting but this usually had little effect. Acute episodes might be treated by diuretics or laxatives, but in most instances this would not be enough. Later special diets were created that could help alleviate the symptoms.

Back in the nineteenth century all kidney disease was considered to be the same thing and so required the same treatment. This is no longer the case and our increased understanding means that we are now able to prescribe the right type of treatment for each of the different conditions. This means that kidney problems are now far more successfully managed than they were when we once labeled such things as Bright’s disease. Nowadays this name is only of interest because of its historical value. It reminds us of how far we have come in recent years.

Health Not

How to Get Type II Diabetes

Diabetes can harm every organ in the body. Those who develop the condition will have to make changes to their life or else suffer from lots of problems and eventually death. It is hard to understand why anyone would want to develop type II diabetes, but I am not here to judge. The information presented here will also be of benefit to those who don’t wish to develop the condition because they can just do the opposite.

What is Type II Diabetes?

type 2 diabetesDiabetes is a condition where the body is unable to properly regulate blood sugar levels in the body. This is bad because when blood sugar is too high it starts to damage organs within the body. Low blood sugar is equally bad because it can lead to coma and even death. We need sugar in order for the body to get energy, but there can always be too much of a good thing. The levels of sugar in the blood stream is normally controlled by insulin; a hormone produced by the pancreas. In diabetes though, this hormone is unable to do its job properly. With type I diabetes the ability of the pancreas to produce insulin is destroyed while in type II diabetes the pancreas is no longer as effective at producing insulin. Type II diabetes usually occurs because people make poor lifestyle choices.

A lot of people with type II diabetes will go undiagnosed for a long time. They can mistake the symptoms for something else. Here are just some of the symptoms you can expect:

  • Dry skin
  • Frequent urination
  • Blurred eyesight
  • Impotence
  • Tiredness
  • Frequent urinary tract and vaginal infections
  • Increased thirst and hunger
  • Slow healing from cuts
  • Numbness in the fingers and feet

How to Get Type II Diabetes

Here are just a few suggestions for how you might develop type II diabetes:

  • Type II diabetics tend to be overweight so if you want to increase your chances of developing the condition you know what to do. Eat like there was going to be no food tomorrow and the only exercise you should do is picking up a fork.
  • Make sure that your diet is full of fat because this is viewed as the ideal food for developing diabetes.
  • Spend as much time as possible just sitting around. There is a strong link between a sedentary lifestyle and diabetes.
  • You should do all you can to push up your blood pressure as this is also associated with diabetes as well. If you are not exercising and eating junk food then you should already be doing a lot to achieve the goal. You might want to add a lot of salt to your diet as well and taking up smoking too.

If you follow the above suggestions then you are going to increase your chances of developing type II diabetes. Hereditary factors also play a part though, and you could be one of those people who just don’t get diabetes.

Health Not

How Should I Treat a Leg Infection?

If your leg appears to be infected you will want to do something about it. Ignoring the problem can be a huge mistake because even a minor infection can become serious if left untreated. The type of treatment required will always depend on the exact nature of the infection.  It will also depend on whether it is the skin, lymph nodes, or bone that is infected.


Cellulites is the most common type of leg infection. This most often appears in the lower leg, but it can be found elsewhere as well. In a lot of instances this infection will have been caused by bacteria of the streptococcus variety. The cells just below the skin are the ones that tend to get infected and this will be noticeable as pain, inflammation, and hotness. Cellulites will most often occur as a result of a simple cut. This break in the skin does not need to be large for bacteria to get below the surface. Once these germs are there the body launches the inflammatory response to combat them and it is this that causes the symptoms. As well as cellulites infecting the skin it may also infect the lymph nodes as well.

The usual way to treat cellulites is to take antibiotics. This will of course mean a trip to the doctor’s surgery in order to get the medication prescribed. In most instances the inflammation should subside after about a week. Oral antibiotics will usually be enough to deal with the problem but if this doesn’t work it may be necessary to have intravenous antibiotics – this will probably involve a stay in hospital. Doctors will be able to prescribe some other medications to help deal with any discomfort caused by the cellulites.


Osteomyelitis is another condition that is caused by a bacterial infection. This can be far more serious than cellulites because in this instance the bone is infected. The treatment for this condition will almost always involve a stay in hospital. Before any treatment can commence it may be necessary to take a sample of the bone tissue to find out what type of bacteria is responsible for the symptoms. Once the type of bacteria is established it will then be a case of providing the most suitable intravenous antibiotics. If a lot of pus builds up inside the leg it may be necessary for this to be drained.


MRSA infections are on the rise and this is bad news for all of us. This type of infection is notoriously hard to treat because it is resistant to a lot of antibiotics. A simple MRSA infection can develop into something a lot more serious if it is not dealt with. An infection in the skin can develop to infect the bone and blood stream. The usual way to treat this infection is to provide intravenous antibiotics such as Vancomycin – worryingly there is now some bacteria that has grown resistant to this antibiotic as well.